PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
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              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
               
              Pierre
               
               
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!
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              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              Association,
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
               
              And a member of:
               
               
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
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              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL

              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS

              NEW! Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn

              Cambrai

              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              BATTLEFIELD
              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

              AISNE 

              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 

              ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

              Reichackerkopf  

              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

              ARGONNE

              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince

              ARTOIS

              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 

              Loos

              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater

              CHAMPAGNE

              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges

              MARNE 

              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector

              SOMME INTRODUCTION

              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

              Gommecourt 

              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

              Contalmaison 

              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval

              Pozières  

              Martinpuich

              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 

              Bouchavesnes

              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches

              VERDUN

              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

              YPRES

              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 - Hollebeke -

              St. Elooi - Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood

              YZER

              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst

              OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
               
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              zoekmachine!) 
               
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
                 11-10-2008.
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Schroot
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
                  Somme
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              Mortier
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              Thiepval
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              Bayernwald
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
              Update
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 

               

               












              French Bunkers - Ste Genevieve
               
              Alsace-Lorraine:

              French bunkers  of

              Lanfroicourt – Arraye-et-Han – Moivrons

              Brionne - Nomeny 20 August 1914 Memorial

              Côte de Ste.-Géneviève –

              Monument du Grand Couronné 

              Year of visit: 2012. 

              South of Manhoué we start this trip at Lanfroicourt along the French side of the Franco-German 1871-1918 border, marked by the meandering Seille river. We visit some French bunkers  in Lanfroicourt, near Array-et-Han and in Moivrons. From there we go northward to the outskirts of Nomeny and the hamlet of Brionne to visit the (second) memorial, commemorating the events in Nomeny of 20 August 1914. We continue westward to finish at the Monument du Grand Couronné at the Côte de Géneviève, a former French artillery base, which offers several panoramic views over the battlefield.

               We start in the village of Lanfroicourt with this French shelter bunker. 

              We continue northward along the D 70 to Array-et-Han. At the junction with the D 913 we turn left, to find on the west side of the road two interesting French bunkers.

              Under the cover of two overgrown trees rest the relics of a French infantry shelter bunker.

              I made these photos from behind the barbed wire fence along the verge of the heavy traffic D 913.

              The concrete relics suggest that the masonry bunker was surrounded by a breastwork.

              The south side of the bunker shows a part of this breastwork, almost completely intact.

              Some 50 M. to the north lies this machine gun bunker, ...

               

              ... controlling the road northward in the direction of Ajoncourt on the former Franco-German 1871-1918 border.

              From these bunkers we continue south-westward.

              In the village of Moivrons we follow for about 300 m. the D 10 in the Grand Rue.

              On the left side of the Grand Rue we find in this private front yard a well-preserved concrete bunker, marked with a modern green mailbox.The loop holes are directed eastward, to the direction from which the Germans would come.

              The entrance at the west side of the bunker.

              On the northern wall we find some interesting graffiti, ...

               ... made by soldiers, only partly legible, alas.

              For understandable reasons the owner of the bunker locked the entrance door.

              Improvising through the window I nevertheless have tried to give you an impression of the interior with the loop holes directing westward.

              We leave this interesting bunker.

              From here we return to the junction with the D 70F, and continue northward in the direction of Nomeny. At the T-junction with the D 120 we go left, and after some 250 m. we find a small copse on the south side of the road.

              Under the trees we find this modest memorial obelisk, commemorating the events of 20 August 1914 in Nomeny and the hamlet of Brionne.

              “IN MEMORY OF THE VALIANT SOLDIERS 0F THE 59E RESERVE DIVISION, THE 277E , 325E AND 314E INFANTRY REGIMENTS, WHO FELL WITH A NUMBER OF MORE THAN A THOUSAND ON 20 AUGUST 1914 NORTH OF THE GRAND COURONNE AND OF THE SEILLE TO BLOCK THE ROAD TO NANCY FROM THE INVADER

              AT BRIONNE THE ENEMY HAS BEEN STOPPED AFTER THE BURNING AND THE UNSPEAKABLE MURDER OF 70 INHABITANTS OF NOMENY”

               

              Nomeny - 20 August 1914.

              During the last day of the Battle of Morhange on 20 August 1914, a rapid and succesful Bavarian counter-offensive opened the three days during "Schlacht in Lothringen".

              On 20 August 1914 units of B.I.R. 2, B.I.R. 4 and B.I.R. 8 reached nearby Nomeny. These units bombarded and invaded the town, burned it down, and killed (55  to) 70 civilians.

              Bas-relief at the base of the other (first) 20 August 1914 memorial in the town centre of Nomeny.

              The French 59e D.R., mentioned on the Brionne memorial, defended this region of Nomeny and the Grand Couronné. It was one of the three reserve divisions of the 2e Groupe des Divisions de Reserve commanded by Général Léon Durand (1846-1924).

              See for more details about the Battle of Morhange and "Die Schlacht In Lothringen" my Photo Impression, “The Battle of Morhange”.

              From this memorial we continue westward along the straight D 120.

              At the junction with the D 40C we turn left to the village of Ste.-Géneviève. We turn around the village church and take the small road at 5 o’clock south-eastward, marked "Monument du Grand Couronné".

               
               
               

              Here we arrive at one of the crowning heights around Nancy, the Côte de Ste.-Géneviève, protecting the city against the Bavarian invaders.

               

              In 1914 the height formed  an artillery base of the French 59e Reserve Division.  

              “TO THE DEFENDERS OF THE GRAND COURONNE

              AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 1914

              IN MEMORY OF LOUIS MARIN”

               (Louis Marin  (1871-1960) was an influential politician, who  became in August 1914 the principal leader of the "National Republican Party" of Meurthe-et-Moselle. Marin was also an elected local politician: from 1910 he was the Président of the General Council of Nomeny and from 1934 to 1952 he was Chairman of the General Council of Meurthe-et-Moselle.) 

              In the next frame I offer you some concise information about the Battle of the Grand Couronné of 4-13 September 1914.

               
              4–13 September. The Battle of the Grand Couronné.
               
               
              The Grand Couronné formed a defensive line on a series of heights, east of Nancy, including the south-eastern heights of the Léomont and Friscati near Vitrimont.
               
               
              On the heights of the Grand Couronné, east of Nancy, De Castelnau placed the 20th Army Corps of Ferdinand Foch to defend the city. 
               
               
              On 4 September Crown Prince Rupprecht launched a new offensive to conquer Nancy.
               
               
              Rupprecht deployed some 350,000 men, while de Castelnau waited with some 225,000 men.
               

              On the same day in the west the French Army was preparing for a more famous battle, which would start the next day: the Battle of the Marne. During the battle all villages in the region were destroyed. On 9 and 10 September Nancy suffered an artillery bombardment of two days.

               
              The German Withdrawal.
               
               
              In the Vosges von Heeringen’s Haute-Meurthe Offensive did not reach its goal, the capture of St. Dié. From 10 September von Heeringen retreated from the Col de la Chapelotte on Saales. For the 6th Army the Battle for the Grand Couronné was also not successful at all. Under pressure of General's Foch's 20th Army Corps Rupprecht was not able to capture Nancy.
               
               
              On 11 September the Oberste Heeres Leitung decided to withdraw Rupprecht’s 6th Army under cover of artillery fire. The Bavarians left Lunéville and retreated from Nancy to the Franco-German border of 1871-1918. At some places they even retreated to locations in front of this border, on French territory. After the German retreat the new frontline of Lorraine consolidated until 1918.
               
               
              On 13 September the 2e Armée recaptured Lunéville, left by the retreating Germans, without firing a single shot. The Battle of the Grand Couronné ended with a French victory.
               

               

              The memorial offers a wide panorama westward over the valley of the Moselle.

              From the Grand Couronné Memorial I present to you this panorama westward in 3 overlapping steps, going clockwise from south to north.
               

               View south-westward. 

              I could not resist to zoom-in twice on the town of Dieulouard. Left … 

              … and right.

              We continue with the second panoramic view eastward.

              The third panorama north-eastward shows a sector of the front of the Saint Mihiel Salient, the Bois le Prêtre.

              Some 50 m. to the north stands a panorama platform, which offers an almost full 360 degrees panorama.

              From the platform we continue to observe the landscape more to the north.

              It is obvious why this height formed an ideal location for an artillery base, possibly a battery of the 20e Régiment d'Artillerie de Campagne (Field Artillery), or the 33e R.A.C., or the 49e R.A.C.

              The Bois le Prêtre on the other bank of the Moselle (right) is clearly within range of artillery.

              The large bush and the antenna tower block the view northward to the former German positions on the height of Froidmont near Bouxières-sous-Froidmont.

              The observation platform offers an amazing panorama eastward, explaining by its wide view the military significance of the Grand Couronné. The panorama shows in particular the importance of this height for the French artillery to defend Nancy and the region around it during the period of August and September 1914.

              From the panorama platform I present to you this panorama eastward in 5 overlapping steps, going clockwise from north to south.

               

              View in the direction of Nomeny and Delme.

              View in the direction of Ajoncourt and Arraye-et-Han.

              View in the direction of Manhoué and Lanfroicourt.

              View southward over the ridge.

              Now we have completed the circle with this last photo of this impression, a panoramic view from the platform south-westward at Dieulouard.

               Continue to the next Photo Impression:

              Reacties

              Wytze op 01-02-2013 15:32

              Wat een berg waardevolle informatie, Pierre! Hier ben ik nog nooit 'op veldtocht' geweest maar wel vele keren langsgereden. Een reden te meer hier eens een bezoekje te brengen! Bedankt!

              Pierre Grande Guerre op 02-02-2013 11:58

              @ Wytze A. Dank je wel, Wytze. De uitzichten daar zijn werkelijk de moeite waard! Prettig weekend!

              Pierre

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