PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
QUICK LINKS to part 1 of a FRONT SECTOR
    CATEGORIES - BATTLEFIELDS
    LAST REACTIONS
    SEARCH ENGINE
      NAVIGATION TIPS
        SITE MAP
          GREAT WAR for ROOKIES
            ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS - SOURCES
              Some of P.'s DUTCH WW1 ARTICLES
              VIEW TIPS
              Attention!
               
               
              VIEW TIPS 
              * "Lees meer" = 
                                    READ MORE 
              * "Volgende" =
                                    NEXT
              * Scroll down and down
                 in this left column for a
                 COMPLETE LIST  of
                 ALL English   
                 Photo Impressions
                 and Dutch articles!
              * Use Pierre's
                 SEARCH ENGINE! Also
                 on top of your screen.
              * Zoom in with
                 Control - Plus
              * Reset screen
                 with
                 Control - 0
              * This site is best
                  viewed on a screen
                  of 1024x768 pixels,
                  or larger, type F11,
                  to get the largest
                  screen, possible
                  in your browser. 
              ---------------------------------
              Recently Released

              Photo Impressions?

              Visit my

              Front Page

               
              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
               
              Pierre
               
               
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!
              ----------------------------------------------

              Follow daily Pierre's 

              World War I News

              Links Service on

              Facebook

              Reactions are welcome

              on Facebook or via

              pierregrandeguerre@hotmail.nl

              ---------------------------------------------

               
              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              Association,
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
               
              And a member of:
               
               
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
              -------------------------------------------
              This website is and
              intends to remain free
              of any commercial
              advertisements!
              It has no financial benefit at
              all for its webmaster!
               
               
              Are you not familiar with
              the backgrounds & causes
              of the First World War?
               
              Read my 5 illustrated pages:
               
              ______________________
              Got lost? Click HERE!
              _______________________
               
               
              Dutch Readers!
              Nederlandstalige lezers,
               
              Lees Pierre's artikelen
              en columns over
              de Grote Oorlog
              en klik op
              of ga verder naar onderaan
              deze kolom.
               
               
              Read also:
              Pierre's BOOK REVIEWS !
                
               
              Pierre is the author
              of the Dutch book,  
              "De Rode Duivels in de
              Vogezen - 1914-1915 -
              Een geïllustreerde
              reconstructie van de
              krijgsverrichtingen
              van het 152e
              Régiment d'Infanterie" 
               
               
               
              Klik  voor de details
              Prijs: € 15,- pdf-versie
              ------------------------------
              -------------------------------------------
              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL

              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS

              NEW! Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn

              Cambrai

              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              BATTLEFIELD
              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

              AISNE 

              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 

              ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

              Reichackerkopf  

              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

              ARGONNE

              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince

              ARTOIS

              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 

              Loos

              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater

              CHAMPAGNE

              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges

              MARNE 

              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector

              SOMME INTRODUCTION

              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

              Gommecourt 

              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

              Contalmaison 

              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval

              Pozières  

              Martinpuich

              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 

              Bouchavesnes

              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches

              VERDUN

              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

              YPRES

              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 Hollebeke Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood

              YZER

              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst

              OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
               
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              zoekmachine!) 
               
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
                 11-10-2008.
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Schroot
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
                  Somme
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              Mortier
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              Thiepval
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              Bayernwald
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
              Update
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 

               

               












              Wettstein Schratzmännele
               
              Alsace Vosges:
               
              Le Linge Sector:
               
              Lac Noir
               
              Col du Wettstein
               
              Schratzmännele
               
               years of visit: 2004 -  2007 - 2008 - 2009. 
               
              Le Linge, it's sub summits and mountain passes, like
              the Col du Wettstein and the Schratzmännele;
              battlefields of high and steep slopes from 19 February until 13 October 1915.
               
              From the Col du Calvaire we follow the D 48 ll, southward,
              to the Col du Wettstein.
              In 2009 we made first a stop at the beautiful Lac Noir.
               
               
              Since the 30-ties of the XXth century the lake with it's dam produces "green", electricity power. 
               
               
              From 1914 the surroundings of the lake formed
              the French Divisional Headquarters of this front sector.
               
               
              North, at the bank  of the lake, stands this 1916 Command Post,
              annex dressing station, and shelter.
              The accesses into the slope are filled in with rocks.
               
               
              Unfortunately for us the French authorities decided that this bunker had to be demolished in September 2009. In June 2010 I did find on this spot an empty place and only a sign, announcing this demolition! This bunker does not exist anymore.
               
              We continue southward, ...
               
               
              ... and arrive at the Col du Wettstein (882 m).
               
               
              At the eastern side of the road:
              the French Necrople Nationale of le Linge, ...
               
               
              ....also known as the Cimetière des Chasseurs,
              or the Cimetière du Col du Wettstein.
               
               
              The cemetery at the Col du Wettstein contains
              2.201 burials and 1.334 in 2 ossuairies.
               
               
              At the base of the French Cross of Sacrifice,
              an impressive bronze sculpture of a killed Chasseur.
               
               
              Notice the winter outfit,
              indicating the harsh circumstances for these soldiers
              during the winters in these mountains.
               
               
              (From)
              "The Red Devils of the 152nd Regiment
              to the Blue Devils,
              fallen in Alsace."
               
              A period  impression by a Chasseur of the cold conditions
              on le Linge during the winter of 1914-1915.
               
               
              The French planned to attack the summits of
              le Linge in March 1915.
               

              The Germans however attacked first at 19 Februari 1915
              at the sub summits of le Linge,
              like the Kleinkopf, the Barrenkopf, and the Schratzmännele.
               
               
              During a heavy snow storm the Germans could only reach
              the Barrenkopf and the Schratzmännele.
              The French kept their positions at le Hurlin and near Glasborn.
               
              A triangular shaped mass grave of 720 soldiers and officers.
               
               
              At 20 July after an artillery bombardment of 10 hours the French, Chasseurs à Pied, Chasseurs Alpins,
              and Infantry Regiments attacked the Barrenkopf,
              the Schratzmännele, and the Collet du Linge without success.
               
               
              They lost the grounds after a fierce German counter attack.
               
              "Ossuary no. 2.": 615 soldiers.
               
               
              After renewed attacks and counterattacks from 22 July,
              the French succeeded to conquer the Barrenkopf
              and the Schratzmännele on the 29th.
               
               
              For still incomprehensible reasons the French were ordered
              to leave their positions at these summits.
              At 31 August the Germans reoccupied the summits
              again with gas attacks,
              leaving the lower western slopes to the French.
               
               
              From August until 13 October 1915 the attacks
              and counterattacks would go on
              without much gain for both parties.
               
               
              After our visit to the cemetery we take the D 11vi 
              to visit a memorial near le Combe.
               
               
              The "Monument des Chasseurs" at the Glasborn commemorates:
               
              "TO THE CHASSEURS AND THE BRAVES OF THE 17TH, 66TH, AND 129TH
              INFANTRY REGIMENTS, WHO FOUGHT, WHO SUFFERED,
              WHO DIED FOR FRANCE AT LINGE KOPF 1914-1918"
               
              View from the memorial eastward.
               
               
              At the slope of the Schratzmännele, a white cross,
              reminding of a recently exhumed body
              of a 19 years old Chasseur Alpins,
              who was killed here on 4 August 1915.
               
               
               
              The summit of the Schratzmännele,
              with another white cross commemorating
              the recent exhumation of a French soldier.
               
               
              The inscription on the memorial says:
               
              "IN MEMORY OF - THE COMMANDANTS – COLARDELLE - KILLED AS CHIEF OF THE BATTALION - AT THE HILSENFIRST - AT 21 JUNE 1915 – BARBEROT – KILLED HERE ON THIS SPOT- 4 AUGUST 1915- 48 OFFICERS - AND 2.160 NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS – CORPORALS AND CHASSEURS- OF THE 5th BATAILLON des CHASSEURS à PIED - KILLED OR MISSING IN ACTION - DURING THE GREAT WAR"
               
              German relics on the Schratzmännele.
               
              In 2008, on a foggy day in June, we climbed the Schratzmännele, looking for relics of the German positions along the summit.
              After 90 years nature took over with a dense vegetation of ferns and mosses.
              Almost always the Schratzmännele shared it's battles of 1914 and 1915 with the nearby ridge of the Lingekopf.
              I will later explain in more details, what happened at the Schratzmännele and the Lingekopf in the next chapter about the Linge and it's Collet du Linge. For now I try to show you around on the "German" side of the mountain, and give you sometimes some details about particular fights on this ridge.
              A French period panorama view.
               
              On one of the lower, but still steep slopes of the Schratz...
               
               
              ... I found this remarkably well preserved
              Bavarian Command Post Bunker.
               
               
              The bunker has been built in 1916 by 7th Company of
              the Bavarian Landwehr Infantry Regiment 1.
               
               
              I went inside the twin bunker.
              From both entrances: the left and the right room.
               
               
              Mark the electric wires, and telephone cables
              on Christine's photo.
               
               
              The slope is too steep to photograph the whole front at once.
               
               
              Even this china electricity cap is still in tact.
               
               
              We leave the Command Post to climb the ridge further.
               
               
              (Period Picture: courtesy of my friend, George Wylie, http://commissionrifle.multiply.com/)
               
               
              Along the road to the pass:
              an elephant shelter and entrance to a filled in dug out.
               
               
               
              From the road of the Collet du Linge,
              we follow a small trace behind the stèle.
               
               
              The path through the wood leads
              upward to the summit of the Schratzmännele.
               
               
              Be careful.
              Along the path and beyond there are a lot of deep holes.
              These holes could have been sniper's foxholes, mortar pits,
              or entrances to underground corridors to "Stollen"-caves.
               
               
              Near the summit,
              traces of steel bars stick out of the ground surface.
               
               
              Christine's picture shows the top of the Schratzmännele (1045m.),
              overgrown with trees and a dense vegetation.
               
               
              Again: meters deep holes, fortified with steel bars, or masonry.
               
               
              Just over the top we did find
               
              "La grande Carrière du Schratz", the large quarry of the Schratz.
               
               
              The 2nd. Bavarian Landwehr Regiment accommodated itself
              in this quarry during the Battle for the Lingekopf
              (20 July until 15 October 1915).
              The quarry was defended by two, well camouflaged,
              machine gun nests, fortified with concrete.
               
               
              View from the position of the machine gun bunkers.
               
               
              One can still see the traces of a trench leading into one of the
              nowadays filled in entrances to the quarry.
              Besides giving shelter against French artillery fire,
              the quarry served also as an important supply station, 
              and storage for materials.
               
               
              We walk more downward on the southeast slope: ...
               
               
              ... Traces of trenches.
               
               
               
               
              We walk further on along the path.
               
               
              On the high ridge of the "Petite Carrière du Schratz",
              the small quarry of the Schratz:
              two bunkers, some 50 m. away from each other.
              The first one: a double machine gun bunker.
              Left, parapet with rifle holes.
               
               
              The rear side of the machine gun bunker,
              with a filled in entrance.
               
               
              Taking the risk of falling down,
              I managed to photograph the front of the machine gun bunker.
               
               
              In the distance it is hard to detect the second bunker;
              an Observation Post.
               
               
              The entrance to the bunker.
               
               
               
              This time I could go inside the bunker.
               
               
              The bunker has one small, side room, ...
               
               
              ... but the main room has 3 observation windows,
              overlooking the quarry below.
               
               
              Remember this bunker for later on.
               
               
              Before the massive introduction of concrete in 1916,
              the Germans in the Vosges also built there fortifications
              with natural materials, like tree trunks, masoned stones,
              and of course steel bars.
               
               
              A masonry entrance of a "Stollen"-cave.
               
               
              We descend along a steep path into
              "La petite Carrière du Schratz", the small quarry of the Schratz.
               
               
              From the "bottom" of the quarry 
              it is difficult to detect the Observation Post Bunker.
               
               
              During the period of 27-29 July 1915,
              the 15th Bataillon Chasseurs à Pied tried several times to conquer the quarry.
               
               
              At dawn of the 29th, "after an impact of a 75mm shell", ...
               
               
              ... the 15th Bataillon Chasseurs à Pied climbed
              their way up under fire, and captured the quarry and it's ridge.
               
              But later again there would be many fights for the Schratzmännele and the  Lingekopf until 13 October 1915.
              After the 13th October the Germans kept their control over the summits.
              (The mark points out the masonry dug out entrance.)
               
               
               
               
              We return to the 5th BCP Memorial,
              and cross the road on foot to the eastern side,
              to visit the so nearby trenches of the Lingekopf,
              and for more detailed information about
              The Battles of the Linge 1915;
              Schratzmännele, Lingekopf, Barrenkopf, and Kleinkopf.
               
               
               Continue to the next chapter:





              Reacties

              ben vd heiden op 06-07-2008 20:40
              Nuttige vacantie geweest zo tezien.
              Ik heb begrepen dat het gebied minder in de belang stelling staat dan bv Somme en/of Verdun, maar het is toch goed onderhouden, petje af voor die gene.
              Eest nog eenkeer Verdun dan wie weet?
              Een minpuntje, kan de foto's niet gebruiken als buroblad achtergrond, teklein

              ga straks verder kijken film begint gr. Ben
              Pierre op 09-07-2008 20:24
              @ Ben vd H. Als je ooit een fotootje wilt als bureaublad, laat je het mij maar even weten, welke, Ben. Per email valt er altijd wat te regelen.
               
              Pierre
              alain.hardier op 25-06-2010 16:44
              Hello my friend
              Wonderful pictures ;i have in project to visit this site so ,all informations of yours will be useful for me .
              Thank you
              Pierre op 26-06-2010 13:13
              @ Alain Hardier. Thanks, Alain! This coming season I will release also a Photo Impression about the next mountains to the Schratz, the Barrenkopf and the Kleinkopf. If you write me an e-mail with your questions to pierre_grandeguerre@live.nl , I may perhaps be able to answer some of these questions. If French is your native language, Alain, you can also write me in French. Thanks again for your kind words!
              Pierre
              Domeinregistratie en hosting via mijndomein.nl