PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
QUICK LINKS to part 1 of a FRONT SECTOR
    CATEGORIES - BATTLEFIELDS
    LAST REACTIONS
    SEARCH ENGINE
      NAVIGATION TIPS
        SITE MAP
          GREAT WAR for ROOKIES
            ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS - SOURCES
              Some of P.'s DUTCH WW1 ARTICLES
              VIEW TIPS
              Attention!
               
               
              VIEW TIPS 
              * "Lees meer" = 
                                    READ MORE 
              * "Volgende" =
                                    NEXT
              * Scroll down and down
                 in this left column for a
                 COMPLETE LIST  of
                 ALL English   
                 Photo Impressions
                 and Dutch articles!
              * Use Pierre's
                 SEARCH ENGINE! Also
                 on top of your screen.
              * Zoom in with
                 Control - Plus
              * Reset screen
                 with
                 Control - 0
              * This site is best
                  viewed on a screen
                  of 1024x768 pixels,
                  or larger, type F11,
                  to get the largest
                  screen, possible
                  in your browser. 
              ---------------------------------
              Recently Released

              Photo Impressions?

              Visit my

              Front Page

               
              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
               
              Pierre
               
               
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!
              ----------------------------------------------

              Follow daily Pierre's 

              World War I News

              Links Service on

              Facebook

              Reactions are welcome

              on Facebook or via

              pierregrandeguerre@hotmail.nl

              ---------------------------------------------

               
              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              Association,
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
               
              And a member of:
               
               
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
              -------------------------------------------
              This website is and
              intends to remain free
              of any commercial
              advertisements!
              It has no financial benefit at
              all for its webmaster!
               
               
              Are you not familiar with
              the backgrounds & causes
              of the First World War?
               
              Read my 5 illustrated pages:
               
              ______________________
              Got lost? Click HERE!
              _______________________
               
               
              Dutch Readers!
              Nederlandstalige lezers,
               
              Lees Pierre's artikelen
              en columns over
              de Grote Oorlog
              en klik op
              of ga verder naar onderaan
              deze kolom.
               
               
              Read also:
              Pierre's BOOK REVIEWS !
                
               
              Pierre is the author
              of the Dutch book,  
              "De Rode Duivels in de
              Vogezen - 1914-1915 -
              Een geïllustreerde
              reconstructie van de
              krijgsverrichtingen
              van het 152e
              Régiment d'Infanterie" 
               
               
               
              Klik  voor de details
              Prijs: € 15,- pdf-versie
              ------------------------------
              -------------------------------------------
              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL

              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS

              NEW! Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn

              Cambrai

              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              BATTLEFIELD
              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

              AISNE 

              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 

              ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

              Reichackerkopf  

              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

              ARGONNE

              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince

              ARTOIS

              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 

              Loos

              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater

              CHAMPAGNE

              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges

              MARNE 

              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector

              SOMME INTRODUCTION

              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

              Gommecourt 

              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

              Contalmaison 

              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval

              Pozières  

              Martinpuich

              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 

              Bouchavesnes

              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches

              VERDUN

              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

              YPRES

              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 Hollebeke Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood

              YZER

              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst

              OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
               
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              zoekmachine!) 
               
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
                 11-10-2008.
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Schroot
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
                  Somme
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              Mortier
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              Thiepval
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              Bayernwald
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
              Update
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 

               

               












              Lingekopf - le Linge
               
              Alsace Vosges:
               
              Val d'Orbey
               
              Lingekopf - le Linge
               
              Trenches and Bunkers
               
               years of visit: 2004  - 2007 - 2010.
              The French trenches, and later on this page the German trenches and bunkers,  of the Collet du Linge, and the Linge or Lingekopf, scène of fierce battles from June until October 1915.
               
              From the opposite Schratzmännele we cross the road of the pass,
              the Collet du Linge,  ...
               
               
              ... to the Lingekopf (986m.).
               
               
              We make a walk, first along the French relics.
              Next we will visit the well organized and well preserved relics
              of the German trenches and bunkers of their 1st and 2nd lines.
               
               
              For me this battlefied is one the most impressive,
              I have ever visited.
               
               
              These trenches, along the road, 
              formed the zigzagging German 1st line in September 1915.
               
               
              An armoured observation post, ...
               
               
              ... in the shape of a church bell.
               
               
               
              The Battles of the Linge 1915;
              Collet du Linge, Schratzmännele, Lingekopf, Barrenkopf, and Kleinkopf.
               
               
              On 26 March 1915 General D'Armau De Pouydraguin takes over the command of the 47th Infantry Division from General Blazer. While the combats continue all along the Vosges, General De Maud'huy, in command of the VIIth Army, added an additional division for his planned offensive at Le Linge: the 66th Infantry Division.
              Before the offensive of Le Linge, of 15 June 1915, the 47th and 66th D.I. began an offensive at Metzeral.
               
              De Pouydraguin's Headquarters at a slope near Lac Noir.
               
              During one week, the French troops did progress some 5 kilometres. General De Pouydraguin suggested to continue the operations through the valley of Munster. But Joffre’s “Grand Quartier Général” ordered to stop the offensive through the valley. Joffre preferred the tactic of massed waves of attacks over the summits.
               
               
              15 June 1915 - 70me B.C.A. raids the Lingekopf.
               
               
              On 8 April 1915, the headquarters of the 47th D.I. had been informed of the considerable strength of the German fortifications of the Bavarian Landwehr Infanterie Regiment 1 on the ridges of the Lingekopf.
               
               
              During three months the 3me Brigade des Chasseurs, reinforced by two companies of the 59me Régiment d'Infanterie Territoriale, digged on their side of the line their trenches and constructed  their fortifications.
              On 15 June 1915 a patrol of the 70th B.C.A. (70me. Bataillon Chasseurs Alpins) tried a raid on the Crête, the ridge of the Collet, meeting fierce German resistance.
               
               
              On 20 June 1915, being on the alert, the German troops bombarded the French positions, strengthening their own defences. Pouydragon ‘s 47th  Division, made a second attempt to attack the Munster valley. The lines of Le Linge were confided to a new and young division, the 129th Infantry Division of General Nollet, consisting mostly of young soldiers of around 20 years old.
               
              20 July 1915.
               
                
              On 20 July 1915 General Nollet's 129th D.I. attacked  the Collet du Linge, the Schratzmännele, the Lingekopf, the Barrenkopf, and the Kleinkopf. The 14me and 54me BCA under command of Major Reynies attacked the Lingekopf. The 30me and 70me BCA attacked Schratzmännele and la Courtine near the Barrenkopf. The next day the French troops were ordered to withdraw to their original positions.
               
              22 July 1915.
               
               
              On 22 July the French launched another attack with 14me , 30me BCA, and two companies  of the 70me BCA. The attack failed because of an ill functioning artillery.
               
              26th July 1915.
               
               
              The 26th was a day of haze, rain, and mud. This time the preliminary bombardment was successful. The French battalions of Chasseurs Alpins, the 14me and the 30me BCA, attacked at 18.00 hrs.  The 30me BCA conquered the ridge of Lingekopf, including the German 2nd line (out of 3), with very many losses! The 14me BCA occupied the Collet ("small pass") du Linge.  Three attacks of German troops at the Collet were pushed back during the night, and until noon of the 27th.
              During the night and the next day fresh reinforcements arrived, consisting of German elite units of the Jäger Bataillon 14 and the Garde Schutzen Bataillon.
               
              27-31 July 1915.
               
               
              In the beginning of the afternoon of 27 July the French  attacked the Schratzmännele and the Barrenkopf. The 15 Bataillon Chasseurs à Pied (BCP) occupied only temporarily the Barrenkopf.  Though both sides suffered that day heavy losses, the Chasseurs  made that day some 280 "rifles" prisoner of war. 
              On 29 July the French attack restarts at 15.30 hrs.. The 5me BCP  attacked the Schratmännele from the Collet du Linge without success. The 120me BCP and the 11me BCA attacked at la Courtine near the Barrenkopf.  The 11me BCA knew to reach the machine-gun post at the Barrenkopf. At 30 July the Germans launched an artillery bombardment, which would not prevent the French to launch another attack at the Schratzmännele 2 days later.
               
              August - September 1915.
               
               
              From 1 August until 30 August 1915 several French attempts were done to conquer the top of the Schratzmännele. In particular the first five days of August were filled with bombardments, intense infantry attacks and counter-attacks.
              On 4 August 1915 the Germans launched a huge artillery bombardment, using gas shells, and some 40.000 shells on a front of 3 km long from the Lingekopf to the Kleinkopf. On the same day the 5me BCP lost his commander, Commandant (Major) Barberot. 

               
               
              On 18 August the battles intensified again. The 11me BCA conquered the Fort Lingekopf on the summit, but lost it again several hours later. The 27me BCA knew to reach the ridge of the Schratzmännele and to consolidate their positions.

              On 22 August the 22me BCA conquered the central bunker on the Schratz. The 23me BCA attacked again the bunkers at the Barrenkopf and occupied it for a few hours until a German nightly counter-attack  forced them to retreat to la Courtine. Until the 24th there were attacks and counter-attacks from both sides. During these days the ridges of  Le Linge changed many times of possession.
               
               
              On the 24th of August the French stopped their offensive. The 129th D.I. of General Nollet had been relieved by the 47th D.I. of General De Pouydraguin. De Pouydraguin inspected his French lines: a distorted battle front, zigzagging, unprotected, below remarkably well organized German fortifications.
               
               
              On 31 August at 4:00 A.M. the Germans bombarded again with gas shells. At 5:00 P M. of the same day Bavarian infantry assaults followed. The French counterattacks resulted in occupying a part of the lost ground. The fights continued until 9 September. On 9 September 1915 there were new German attacks with gas and flame-throwers. The French counter-attacks failed.
               
               
              October 1915.
               
               
              Until 12 October the Germans tried to conquer the Schratzmännele, but for the time being the French kept them of this summit. On 12 October 1915 the Germans launched again an attack at the Collet du Linge and the Schratzmännele with flame-projectors. At 3: 00 A.M. of the 13th, 2 French battalions deployed a new counterattack, which failed. It would be the last French attack along this front sector.
               
              In the end the French lost the summits of the Lingekopf, the Schratzmännele, and the Barrenkopf. On 16 October 1915 the Germans attacked the French in their original lines for the last time. But the French knew to force them to withdraw to their original German 1st lines, as it  has been preserved in the situation of nowadays.
               
              Sepia B.L.I.R. 1 Photo's:
              Courtesy of my American friend, George Wylie - Commission Rifle .
               
              We enter the park of the "Mémorial du Linge",
              passing the interesting visitors centre and museum,
              following the eastern foot path upward.
               
               
              The No Mans Land here was left of the footpath.
              It was not not more than 10 m. or less away
              from the French 1st line, on which we concentrate from now,
              and it's advanced posts along a steep slope.
               
              The French Lines.
               
               
              Everywhere on the ridge you will see white crosses
              and black crosses.
              These crosses mark the locations of relatively recently
              exhumed bodies of soldiers, missed in action in 1915.
               
               
              White crosses for French soldiers,
              black crosses for German soldiers.
               
               
              As the battlefield is still not cleared,
              some parts are still too dangerous to enter.
               
               
              For an observation of the French lines
              you are obliged to stay on the path.
               
               
              Sometimes the French barbed wire and advanced posts
              were not more than 2 m. away from the path.
               
               
              We walk slowly upward to the summit.
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
              View over the former French 1st line at the Schratzmännele.
               
               
               
              View in the direction of the Col du Wettstein.
               
               
              We arrive at the highest point of the French 1st line, ...
               
               
              ... and advanced posts, facing the nearby German 1st line trench.
               
               
              We return downward the path to the entrance
              to begin our walk again.
               
               
              This time however to focus on the German 1st line,
              on the east (left) side.
               
               
              Lingekopf - German Lines.
               
              We start again with a view at the top of the Lingekopf.
              The summit itself is still forbidden terrain,
              because of the danger of explosives,
              and the possible presence of bodies of soldiers, missing in action.
               
               
              But as long as you stay on the paths or in the German trenches,
              you are free to visit anywhere you will go.
               
               
              For now we follow again the eastern path,
              concentrating on the German 1st line.
               
               
              Christine just passed the first, southern "Blockhaus".
              The French line of October 1915 is just 2 m. from the path.
               
               
              As we continue, ...
               
               
              ... we remark this shelter bunker.
               
               
              It shows how well organised
              and well built the Germans made their bunkers:
              steel U bars covered with lots of concrete.
               
               
               
              On this page you will find some photo's of the unique collection of period photographs by Oberleutnant Dose (left) of the Prussian 187th Infantry Regiment, who served at the Lingekopf or le Linge in October 1915.
              I am very grateful for the courtesy of Mr. G.F. Dose (+12-09-2008) from Germany, who allowed me to show you some samples of this well protected and well saved extraordinary collection of his father Oberleutnant Dose.
              Herr Dose managed some interesting websites. For this topic about the Lingekopf I also do warmly recommend a visit to Herr Dose's English version of
               
               
              After this intermezzo
              we continue our walk along the German 1st Line.
               
               
              Steel rifle shields.
               
               
               
               
               
               
              An observation bunker.
               
               
               
               
               
              The concrete pill-boxes served as observation bunkers.
               
               
               
              In the meantime we have reached
              the most northern "Blockhaus", ...
               
               
              ... an observation bunker at the highest point
              of the 1st line trench,
              which offers this view in the direction
              of the Col du Wettstein and the Tête de Faux.
               
               
              Of course I had to take a look inside this observation bunker.
              These trenches and fortifications were often constructed or
              repaired under enemy fire!
               
               
              I climbed down the trench to find the entrance.
               
               
              The inscription tells, who builded this concrete observation post:
              "BUILT BY
              B(avarian) L(andwehr) I(nfantry) R(egiment) No. 29 K(ompany)".
               
               
              In the next photo's I will show you the view from this bunker.
               
               
              At the inside again a graffiti-like inscription:
              "Pionier - Komp 6/16 - I L - (unreadable)".
               
               
              View from the left window.
               

               
              View from the right window over the French line.
               
               
              With a last view over the former French trenches, ...
               
               
              ...we decide to descend into the German 1st line trench
              to track another interesting observation post .
               
               
               
              We pass some firesteps, ...
               
               
               
               
              ... with armoured rifle shields, ...
               
               
               
               
              ... to inspect this observation bunker.
               
               
              The Bavarian Wilhelm Betz was very proud of his bunker,
              improved in June 1916.
               
               
              He autographed "his" bunker twice, once on the outside, ...
               
               
              ...and another one on the inside of the observation post.
              The inscriptions form proof of the improvements,
              the Germans would still make on their trenches
              and fortifications long after the end of the battles
              in October 1915.
               
               
              View from the left window.
               
               
              A Reminder: On 9 September 1915;
              new German attacks, with gas and flame-throwers. 
              The French counter-attacks failed.
               
               
               
               
               
               
              We return through the trench, upward the Lingekopf, ...
               
               
              ... to visit the 2nd German line.
               
               
               
              Behind the northern observation blockhaus on the ridge, ...
               
               
              ... we pass eastward the narrow ridge  with this black cross, ...
               
               
              ... to find our way through the communication trench, ... 
               
               
               
              ... between the lines, downward on a steep slope.
               

              After a short turn to the north, we saw this bunker,
              which the French call the "Fort Carré".
               
               
              It's openings are following the surface of the rock around it.
               
               
              It's concrete roof is about 1 m. thick.
               
               
              The entrance of the 3 story bunker is in the 2nd line trench.
               
               
              The bunker used to be connected with underground tunnels
              to and from the third line.
              Nowadays the entrance to the tunnels has been filled in.
               
               
              We continue through the trench southward, ...
               
               
              ... to the most advanced point of the French
              at the German 2nd line, ...
               
               
              ... they would by times, interfered by German counterattacks, ...
               
               
              ...  possess from 26 July until 24 August 1915.
               
               
               
              Fort Lingekopf.
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
              A the end of October the front stabilised, 
              and the great battles around the pass of Le Linge
              petered out. 
               
               
              Until 1918 each party along "The Forgotten Front"
              reorganized and strenghtened it's defences.
              Both belligerent parties worked often under enemy fire.
               
               
              Sometimes there were still artillery duels
              and hand to hand combat fighting in the Lingekopf sector.
               
               
               
              Casualties at the Lingekopf.
               
               
              Around 4.000 French soldiers of 17 battalions, of Chasseurs Alpins and of Chasseurs au Pied, died during the period of July until October 1915.
              French sources estimate that 80 % of these French soldiers, fighting at le Linge, were killed. 
               
              The losses on the German side were, roughly seen, equal to those of the French.
              The Collet du Linge had no strategic value.
              It was not overseeing any important east-west roads.
              At least around 8.000 German and French men were killed in this battle
              in 1915 without any strategic progression!
               
               
              In the meantime we have arrived back at the southern slope
              of the Lingekopf.
               
               
               
               
               
               
              The base of a trench mortar, ...
               
               
              ... and the relics of a German field oven.
               
               
              A last view northward to the 2nd German line.
               
               
              Back at the parking of the battlefield,
              I advise you to visit the "Mémorial du Linge" Museum, ...
               
               
              ...to watch an interesting historic movie
              about the French mountain warfare in the Vosges,
              and about the transport of supplies and troops
              under harsh conditions from Gérardmer to these summits.
               
               
              On the next photo page we continue with our explorations
              of the Lingekopf-sector with the Kleinkopf and the Barrenkopf.
               
               Continue to the next chapter:
              Period pictures Courtesy of Herr G.F. Dose, © http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/dose/01-Vogesen-01.htm .








              Reacties

              Pierre op 12-10-2010 23:52
              Patrick M. from France wrote on 01-10-2010:
              "Hello

              Thank you for your site witch is very beautiful and interessant.

              I write on the site: histoirémilitaria 14-18 and my name is " IR 76 de Hambourg''.

              It will be a great joy for me to present your work on the website.

              Are you ok ?

              Best regards
              IR76 de Hambourg/Patrick Mazurié

              door: mazurié 2010-10-01 12:36:27"


              @ Patrick M. Hi Patrick, of course I would be glad and honored, if you would present my website on your forum, histoirémilitaria14-18. Thank you for your words of appreciation and your kind offer. Managing a non commercial website, all your visits and all reactions like yours form my only payment and a big motivation for me to continue. Therefore I always appreciate some buzzing to other aficionado’s on internet with the same interest.
              If you wish to be on my mailinglist for my update newsletters, Patrick, please, write me a short e-mail to pierre_grandegeuerre@live.nl .
              Thanks again, Patrick. I wish you much success with your forum and a good weekend!
              Pierre
               
              B. van der Heiden op 04-08-2012 16:21
              Het is een aardige tippel naar boven maar zeker de moeite waard.
              Ook een plaats waar je de oorlog nog voeld, die is nog erg aanwezig.
               
              bedankt weer gr. Ben
              Pierre op 05-08-2012 16:35
              @ Ben. Bedankt, oude vriend, voor jouw reactie hier. Ik vind deze tippel, in vergelijking tot andere tippels in de Vogezen nog wel meevallen, hoor. Hier parkeer je jouw auto "vlak voor de deur" en hoef je niet eerst een paar kilometer omhoog te wandelen alvoroens je wat interessants ziet. Maar inderdaad, Ben, dit is een van de plaatsen waar ook naar mijn mening de oorlog nog het meest voelbaar en tastbaar is. Als ik er dan toch in de buurt ben , ga ik er telkens weer even langs.
               
              Pierre
              Domeinregistratie en hosting via mijndomein.nl