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              Pierre Grande Guerre
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              WFA-NL Lecture 

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              Pierre's Illustrated

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              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

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              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

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              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn


              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE


              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 


              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  


              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     


              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince


              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 


              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater


              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges


              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector


              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre


              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 


              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval



              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 


              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches


              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 


              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 - Hollebeke -

              St. Elooi - Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood


              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst


              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 



              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf
              Alsace Vosges:
              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf
              years of visit: 2008 - 2010.
              From the Schratzmännele and the Lingekopf we continue our explorations of the Linge-front sector to visit the relics of the Kleinkopf, Glasborn, la Courtine, and the Barrenkopf. We will finish at the summit of the Kleinkopf.
              With a view at the Schratzmännele, we depart from
              the Collet du Linge southward.
              At the cairns at the junction of the Baerenstall in front of
              the Hohrod German War Cemetery we turn right, ...
              ... and follow the D 5 B1 southward.
              (On the next page we will go left and visit a.o. the Hohrodberg Cemetery.)
              If you pass this fountain on the west side of the road, ...
              ... you are only some 100 meters away from this rather hardly visible bunker in a slope of the Kleinkopf.
              Some 300 meters further on, after a curve, we park our car at
              the northern plateau of the Hohrodberg.
              There are different hiking routes over the former Linge Front. This time we choose for our Yellow route, a walk starting at the foot of the Kleinkopf with a German machine-gun bunker. Via No Man's Land we will enter the lines of the Chasseurs Alpins, at the Glasborn, and la Courtine. At la Courtine we cross the narrow No Man's Land to visit the German positions at the Barrenkopf and the Kleinkopf. We will finish at the summit of the Kleinkopf.
              We start with this German forward machine-gun bunker.
              It stands at the foot of the Kleinkopf, guarding the road and
              the French positions, some 150 m. to the west.
              From the machine-gun bunker we continue westward, ...
              ... to country road along No Man's Land.
              View south-westward at the Reichackerkopf, the Sattelkopf,
              the Petit-Honeck and the Schlucht.
              We continue northward enjoying this panorama westward
              at the ridges of the Vosges Mountains..
              The French lines were here, on this western slope of
              the Kleinkopf, below the country road.
              View at the former 1871-1918, Franco-German border:
              le Honeck, le Tanet, le Gazon de Faite, and le Gazon du Faing.
              View northwestward: le Hurlin, the Wettstein, and the Glasborn.
              Before we continue our walk some background information.
              (If you arrive from the pages about the Lingekopf,
              you may skip this frame below.)
              The Battles of the Linge 1915;
              Collet du Linge, Schratzmännele, Lingekopf, Barrenkopf, and Kleinkopf.
              On 26 March 1915 General D'Armau De Pouydraguin takes over the command of the 47th Infantry Division from General Blazer. While the combats continue all along the Vosges, General De Maud'huy, in command of the VIIth Army, added an additional division for his planned offensive at Le Linge: the 66th Infantry Division.
              Before the offensive of Le Linge, of 15 June 1915, the 47th and 66th D.I. began an offensive at Metzeral.
              De Pouydraguin's Headquarters at a slope near Lac Noir.
              During one week, the French troops did progress some 5 kilometres. General De Pouydraguin suggested to continue the operations through the valley of Munster. But Joffre’s “Grand Quartier Général” ordered to stop the offensive through the valley. Joffre preferred the tactic of massed waves of attacks over the summits.
              15 June 1915 - 70me B.C.A. raids the Lingekopf.
              On 8 April 1915, the headquarters of the 47th D.I. had been informed of the considerable strength of the German fortifications of the Bavarian Landwehr Infanterie Regiment 1 on the ridges of the Lingekopf.
              During three months the 3me Brigade des Chasseurs, reinforced by two companies of the 59me Régiment d'Infanterie Territoriale, digged on their side of the line their trenches and constructed  their fortifications.
              On 15 June 1915 a patrol of the 70th B.C.A. (70me. Bataillon Chasseurs Alpins) tried a raid on the Crête, the ridge of the Collet, meeting fierce German resistance.
              On 20 June 1915, being on the alert, the German troops bombarded the French positions, strengthening their own defences. Pouydragon ‘s 47th  Division, made a second attempt to attack the Munster valley. The lines of Le Linge were confided to a new and young division, the 129th Infantry Division of General Nollet, consisting mostly of young soldiers of around 20 years old.
              20 July 1915.
              On 20 July 1915 General Nollet's 129th D.I. attacked  the Collet du Linge, the Schratzmännele, the Lingekopf, the Barrenkopf, and the Kleinkopf. The 14me and 54me BCA under command of Major Reynies attacked the Lingekopf. The 30me and 70me BCA attacked Schratzmännele and la Courtine near the Barrenkopf. The next day the French troops were ordered to withdraw to their original positions.
              22 July 1915.
              On 22 July the French launched another attack with 14me , 30me BCA, and two companies  of the 70me BCA. The attack failed because of an ill functioning artillery.
              26th July 1915.
              The 26th was a day of haze, rain, and mud. This time the preliminary bombardment was successful. The French battalions of Chasseurs Alpins, the 14me and the 30me BCA, attacked at 18.00 hrs.  The 30me BCA conquered the ridge of Lingekopf, including the German 2nd line (out of 3), with very many losses! The 14me BCA occupied the Collet ("small pass") du Linge.  Three attacks of German troops at the Collet were pushed back during the night, and until noon of the 27th.
              During the night and the next day fresh reinforcements arrived, consisting of German elite units of the Jäger Bataillon 14 and the Garde Schutzen Bataillon.
              27-31 July 1915.
              In the beginning of the afternoon of 27 July the French  attacked the Schratzmännele and the Barrenkopf. The 15 Bataillon Chasseurs à Pied (BCP) occupied only temporarily the Barrenkopf.  Though both sides suffered that day heavy losses, the Chasseurs  made that day some 280 "rifles" prisoner of war. 
              On 29 July the French attack restarts at 15.30 hrs.. The 5me BCP  attacked the Schratmännele from the Collet du Linge without success. The 120me BCP and the 11me BCA attacked at la Courtine near the Barrenkopf.  The 11me BCA knew to reach the machine-gun post at the Barrenkopf. At 30 July the Germans launched an artillery bombardment, which would not prevent the French to launch another attack at the Schratzmännele 2 days later.
              August - September 1915.
              From 1 August until 30 August 1915 several French attempts were done to conquer the top of the Schratzmännele. In particular the first five days of August were filled with bombardments, intense infantry attacks and counter-attacks.
              On 4 August 1915 the Germans launched a huge artillery bombardment, using gas shells, and some 40.000 shells on a front of 3 km long from the Lingekopf to the Kleinkopf. On the same day  the 5me BCP lost his commander, Commandant (Major) Barberot. 

              On 18 August the battles intensified again. The 11me BCA conquered the Fort Lingekopf on the summit, but lost it again several hours later. The 27me BCA knew to reach the ridge of the Schratzmännele and to consolidate their positions.

              On 22 August the 22me BCA conquered the central bunker on the Schratz. The 23me BCA attacked again the bunkers at the Barrenkopf and occupied it for a few hours until a German nightly counter-attack  forced them to retreat to la Courtine. Until the 24th there were attacks and counter-attacks from both sides. During these days the ridges of  Le Linge changed many times of possession.
              On the 24th of August the French stopped their offensive. The 129th D.I. of General Nollet had been relieved by the 47th D.I. of General De Pouydraguin. De Pouydraguin inspected his French lines: a distorted battle front, zigzagging, unprotected, below remarkably well organized German fortifications.
              On 31 August at 4:00 A.M. the Germans bombarded again with gas shells. At 5:00 P M. of the same day Bavarian infantry assaults followed. The French counterattacks resulted in occupying a part of the lost ground. The fights continued until 9 September. On 9 September 1915 there were new German attacks with gas and flame-throwers. The French counter-attacks failed.
              October 1915.
              Until 12 October the Germans tried to conquer the Schratzmännele, but for the time being the French kept them of this summit. On 12 October 1915 the Germans launched again an attack at the Collet du Linge and the Schratzmännele with flame-projectors. At 3: 00 A.M. of the 13th, 2 French battalions deployed a new counterattack, which failed. It would be the last French attack along this front sector.
              In the end the French lost the summits of the Lingekopf, the Schratzmännele, and the Barrenkopf. On 16 October 1915 the Germans attacked the French in their original lines for the last time. But the French knew to force them to withdraw to their original German 1st lines, as it  has been preserved in the situation of nowadays.
              Sepia B.L.I.R. 1 Photo's:
              Courtesy of my American friend, George Wylie - Commission Rifle .
              From this view I turn around, ...
              ... facing the summit of the Kleinkopf and
              the German lines on the slope.
              Along the edge of the wood runs a trench into the direction of
              the Hohrodberg.
              The left machine-gun bunker.
              Traces of a trench and the right machine-gun bunker.
              These bunkers were advanced posts of the German trench lines
              in the wood at the Kleinkopf.
              With this view westward we continue northward to a point, ...
              ... where the country road changes in a sunken track ...
              ... below the slope halfway the Barrenkopf and the Kleinkopf.
              This track used to be the first French Line,
              and it was close to and below the German positions.
               A teleview at le Tanet.
              Passing this horse and the "Ferme Auberge Glasborn", ...
              ... we arrive at the height of le Glasborn.
              In October 1914 French Chasseurs and Fantassins occupied
              the Wettstein, the Hurlin, the Glasborn, and the west slopes of
              the Schratzmännele and the Lingekopf.
              WHO DIED FOR FRANCE AT LINGE KOPF 1914-1918"
              Panorama view northward from the Chasseurs Memorial.
              View at les-Basses-Huttes. Left; the Wettstein.
              Right: slopes of the Rain des Chenes.
              From the Chasseurs Memorial we walk eastward, ...
              ... over the prairie, la Courtine,
              east of the Ferme Auberge Glasborn.
              Passing some unidentifiable, concrete objects in the field, ...
              ... possibly French air shafts to underground shelters, ... 
              ... we have arrived at the location of the French lines.
              The German lines were running in the wood, close to the edge.
              We detect a lot of shell holes. 
              View north-westward from the prairie.
              Left: traces of Chasseurs trenches.
              View nort-eastward. We are now amidst the traces of
              the Chasseurs' first trench line, ...
              ... covered with shell holes.
              The strip along the edge of the wood near this spot,
              called la Courtine, formed the rather narrow No Man's Land.
              At the edge of the wood a sign tells us:
              “LA COURTINE
              Below the sign lies a concrete block with war relics,
              found scattered around on this location.
              During the war this location
              was covered with barbed wire entanglements.
              The No Man's Land here is only some 15-20 m. wide.
              Behind the edge of the wood (photo above left), ...
              ... we see traces of the German 1st line.
              Through the wood we continue east ward to arrive at , ...
              ... a relatively less vegetated open spot near the summit
              of the Barrenkopf.

              Following this 2nd line trench, the slope becomes steeper, 
              and the wood more densely vegetated.
              A 2nd line bunker, a dug-out entrance.
              In the dense vegetation,
              knowing there has been a network of trenches here, ...
              ... it is hard to orientate myself.
              From the second line we walk some meters up- and westward ...
              ... to the third line, 
              which also is close to the summit of the Barrenkopf.
              Here we find a short,
              rather well preserved track of a German masonry trench.
              In the trench are niches for storing shells and ammunition.
              We follow the trench around the curve.
              Due to the battle circumstances this 1915 trench ...
              ...  has of course been improved and better fortified until 1918.
              As always we see the trenches without sandbags, barbed wire, ...
              ... and in the state as the trenches were left in 1918.
              Concrete steps to facilitate the soldiers to go over the top.
              The entrance to a dug-out.
              The tunnel looks unstable and it is partly filled in.
              Remark the good condition of the wooden wallcoverings.
              With this last view at this track of trench, ...
              ... we climb only a few meters to this double machine-gun bunker
              at the summit of the Barrenkopf (981 m.).
              In the French war journals this bunker is notorious for
              spreading it's murderous fire. 
              This position here and this bunker formed
              many times the main target of the French attacks.
              Next to the bunker: an uncovered concrete observation post.
              Only the periscope binoculars of the observer would emerge.
              We continue southward to find some 40 m. further ...
              ... this shelter bunker.
              The top construction received a fatal impact.
              One of the relics that lay around; a French shell.
              We walk southward along the east slope of the ridge
              to the Kleinkopf.
              Halfway between the summit of the Barrenkopf and
              the Kleinkopf, ...
              ... we pass a complex of two bunkers on a steep slope below us.
              Via a narrow track along the steep slope, ...
              ... we climb down and we are able to visit these bunkers.
              In the bunker walls are entrances to two dug-outs
              inside the mountain.
              As we see; outside 1915 masonry,
              fortified indoors with 1916 concrete.
              Alas the inscription "Constructed by" is nowadays unreadable.
              These 3rd line bunkers were used as stocks of materials
              and ammuntions.
              These bunkers belonged to the arrival station ...
              ... of a "Rollbahn"- cable car railway,
              constructed at the end of 1917.
              The window in the front wall guards the D5 bis-road below us.
              The 60 cm. cable-car railway started at the Hohrodberg,
              passing the junction at the Baerenstall to transport
              construction parts and heavy materials to the Barrenkopf-sector.
              We return upward to the ridge, 
              and we continue 100 m. southward.
              Not more than 50m. away from the summit of the Kleinkopf
              we pass other dug-out entrances.
              Near the summit: 4 fox-holes form 4 dug-out entrances.
              Only a slim man could enter between these concrete beams.
              One of the 4 filled in, with concrete fortfified entrances.
              We descend the slope following the trace of trench.
              This man-made platform may have been used ...
              ... for a light signal equipment, a "Blinkstelle".
              On top of it a machine-gun bunker facing the road below.
              In the relic of a trench we are climbing to our final goal:
              the summit of the Kleinkopf (940 m.), ...
              ... which also  still offers this beautiful view westward
              at the Vosges Ridges.
              We descend to the D 5 bis-road,
              passing on foot this bunker again, ...
              ... to return to our point of departure
              at the first German machine-gun bunker of our tour.
              On the next page we return to the junction of the Baerenstall,
              to visit the Hohrod German War Cemetery and
              more German bunkers on our way to les-Trois Epis,
              to return later for the magnificent panorama
              from the Hohrodberg over the Munster valley.
               Continue to the next chapter:


              Wouter op 21-05-2011 20:00
              Hi Pierre, a wonderfull report yet again! The woodwork at this location is wonderfully preserved! I do like this report in particular because it shows a lot of the technical knowledge they used in the war (those french shafts, the tunnels in de hillside, the blinkstelle, the cable track.. Just magnificent! Oh and not to be forgotten, in de relic photo somewhere here, on the right of that photo there is a french 75 mm shrapnel shell, just to show the difference with the 77 mm from the Bouchavesnes topic. Regards, Wouter
              Pierre op 22-05-2011 16:23
              Thanks again, Wouter, for your enthousiastic reaction onthis photo page, that is not yet that popular with the visitors. Probably because the Barrenkopf and the Kleinkopf are almost forgotten locations?
              Now I see the difference, I will remember you lesson about grenades forever.
              Wouter op 23-05-2011 14:18
              Hi Pierre, indeed I noticed it, but still, this page should definitely be read more! To be honest, I didn't know anything about the Barrenkopf or Kleinkopf before I read this page.. I guess you're right,hopefully they will get more attention because of our reactions! You're welcome, glad I could help! Wouter
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