Along the edge of the wood runs a trench into the direction of
The left machine-gun bunker.
Traces of a trench and the right machine-gun bunker.
These bunkers were advanced posts of the German trench lines
in the wood at the Kleinkopf.
With this view westward we continue northward to a point, ...
... where the country road changes in a sunken track ...
... below the slope halfway the Barrenkopf and the Kleinkopf.
This track used to be the first French Line,
and it was close to and below the German positions.
A teleview at le Tanet.
Passing this horse and the "Ferme Auberge Glasborn", ...
... we arrive at the height of le Glasborn.
In October 1914 French Chasseurs and Fantassins occupied
the Wettstein, the Hurlin, the Glasborn, and the west slopes of
"TO THE CHASSEURS AND THE BRAVES OF THE 17TH, 66TH, AND 129TH
INFANTRY REGIMENTS, WHO FOUGHT, WHO SUFFERED,
WHO DIED FOR FRANCE AT LINGE KOPF 1914-1918"
Panorama view northward from the Chasseurs Memorial.
View at les-Basses-Huttes. Left; the Wettstein.
Right: slopes of the Rain des Chenes.
From the Chasseurs Memorial we walk eastward, ...
... over the prairie, la Courtine,
east of the Ferme Auberge Glasborn.
Passing some unidentifiable, concrete objects in the field, ...
... possibly French air shafts to underground shelters, ...
... we have arrived at the location of the French lines.
The German lines were running in the wood, close to the edge.
We detect a lot of shell holes.
View north-westward from the prairie.
Left: traces of Chasseurs trenches.
View nort-eastward. We are now amidst the traces of
the Chasseurs' first trench line, ...
... covered with shell holes.
The strip along the edge of the wood near this spot,
called la Courtine, formed the rather narrow No Man's Land.
At the edge of the wood a sign tells us:
FROM HERE THE FRENCH ATTACKS WOULD BURST OUT IN 1915 TARGETTING THE BARRENKOPF AND THE SCHRATZMÄNNELE”
Below the sign lies a concrete block with war relics,
found scattered around on this location.
During the war this location
was covered with barbed wire entanglements.
The No Man's Land here is only some 15-20 m. wide.
Behind the edge of the wood (photo above left), ...
... we see traces of the German 1st line.
Through the wood we continue east ward to arrive at , ...
... a relatively less vegetated open spot near the summit
of the Barrenkopf.
SECTOR FORTIFIED BY THE GERMANS FROM 1915-1918
RIGHT FLANK OF THE FRENCH OFFENSIVES AT THE LINGE MASSIVE”
Following this 2nd line trench, the slope becomes steeper,
and the wood more densely vegetated.
A 2nd line bunker, a dug-out entrance.
In the dense vegetation,
knowing there has been a network of trenches here, ...
... it is hard to orientate myself.
From the second line we walk some meters up- and westward ...
... to the third line,
which also is close to the summit of the Barrenkopf.
Here we find a short,
rather well preserved track of a German masonry trench.
In the trench are niches for storing shells and ammunition.
We follow the trench around the curve.
Due to the battle circumstances this 1915 trench ...
... has of course been improved and better fortified until 1918.
As always we see the trenches without sandbags, barbed wire, ...
... and in the state as the trenches were left in 1918.
Concrete steps to facilitate the soldiers to go over the top.
The entrance to a dug-out.
The tunnel looks unstable and it is partly filled in.
Remark the good condition of the wooden wallcoverings.
With this last view at this track of trench, ...
... we climb only a few meters to this double machine-gun bunker
at the summit of the Barrenkopf (981 m.).
In the French war journals this bunker is notorious for
spreading it's murderous fire.
This position here and this bunker formed
many times the main target of the French attacks.
Next to the bunker: an uncovered concrete observation post.
Only the periscope binoculars of the observer would emerge.
We continue southward to find some 40 m. further ...
The top construction received a fatal impact.
One of the relics that lay around; a French shell.
We walk southward along the east slope of the ridge
to the Kleinkopf.
Halfway between the summit of the Barrenkopf and
the Kleinkopf, ...
... we pass a complex of two bunkers on a steep slope below us.
Via a narrow track along the steep slope, ...
... we climb down and we are able to visit these bunkers.
In the bunker walls are entrances to two dug-outs
inside the mountain.
As we see; outside 1915 masonry,
fortified indoors with 1916 concrete.
Alas the inscription "Constructed by" is nowadays unreadable.
These 3rd line bunkers were used as stocks of materials
These bunkers belonged to the arrival station ...
... of a "Rollbahn"- cable car railway,
constructed at the end of 1917.
The window in the front wall guards the D5 bis-road below us.
The 60 cm. cable-car railway started at the Hohrodberg,
passing the junction at the Baerenstall to transport
construction parts and heavy materials to the Barrenkopf-sector.
We return upward to the ridge,
and we continue 100 m. southward.
Not more than 50m. away from the summit of the Kleinkopf
we pass other dug-out entrances.
Near the summit: 4 fox-holes form 4 dug-out entrances.
Only a slim man could enter between these concrete beams.
One of the 4 filled in, with concrete fortfified entrances.
We descend the slope following the trace of trench.
This man-made platform may have been used ...
... for a light signal equipment, a "Blinkstelle".
On top of it a machine-gun bunker facing the road below.
In the relic of a trench we are climbing to our final goal:
the summit of the Kleinkopf (940 m.), ...
... which also still offers this beautiful view westward
at the Vosges Ridges.
We descend to the D 5 bis-road,
passing on foot this bunker again, ...
... to return to our point of departure
at the first German machine-gun bunker of our tour.
On the next page we return to the junction of the Baerenstall,
to visit the Hohrod German War Cemetery and
more German bunkers on our way to les-Trois Epis,
to return later for the magnificent panorama
from the Hohrodberg over the Munster valley.
Continue to the next chapter: