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              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!

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              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
              And a member of:
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
              This website is and
              intends to remain free
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              It has no financial benefit at
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              Are you not familiar with
              the backgrounds & causes
              of the First World War?
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              en klik op
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              Pierre is the author
              of the Dutch book,  
              "De Rode Duivels in de
              Vogezen - 1914-1915 -
              Een geïllustreerde
              reconstructie van de
              van het 152e
              Régiment d'Infanterie" 
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              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL



              Pierre's Illustrated

              WFA-NL Lecture 

              'UNCLE HANSI" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn


              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE


              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 


              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  


              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     


              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince


              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 


              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater


              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges


              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector


              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre


              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 


              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval



              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 


              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches


              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 


              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 - Hollebeke -

              St. Elooi - Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood


              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst


              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 



              Chaume de Lusse - Haut de Faîte
              Alsace - Northern Vosges:
              Wisembach - Chaume de Lusse
              Le Haut de Faîte - la Roche des Chèvres
              years of visit: 2008 - 2010.
              From the Bernhardstein, south of the Col de Ste. Marie, we continue our exploration on the northern side of the Col at the southern slopes of the Chaume de Lusse. Though we will first visit the French Col de Ste. Marie National Cemetery, afterwards we will continue exploring the German relics of the “Leber” Sector on the Haut de Faîte and the Roche des Chèvres.
              The Col de Ste. Marie lies west of Ste. Marie-aux-Mines, 
              at a height of 776 meter.
              On the previous page about the Tète du Violu-Bernhardstein,
              we visited the relics at the south side of the pass, ...
              ... this time we visit the northern side of the pass in the
              Forêt Domaniale de Wisembach at the southern slopes of
              the Chaume de Lusse.
              Largely based on the Blue Route above, we choose our own Yellow Route. We will start at the French Cemetery, then we continue northward to the Château de Faîte and the Roche des Chèvres  to finish some 300 m. after the site of the "Hessische Löwe", and we will return via an interesting eastern route to our point of departure.
              Along the northern side of the road, on the Col,
              stands a memorial stèle, for 2 French officers,
              who died here on the Col on 22 August 1914.
              MARCEL STERNBERG
              ANDRE BOUDET
              18TH COMPANY 221 INFANTRY (Regiment)
              22 AUGUST 1914
              GOD AND FATHERLAND"
              At a distance of not more than 100 m.
              lies the French Col de Ste. Marie National Cemetery.
              It is a rather small cemetery containing about 100 soldier graves,
              and a mass grave for 162 unknown soldiers of the
              22, 52, 71, 100, 149, 158, 170, 221 Infantry Regiments.
              "DEAD FOR FRANCE"
              Even officers were killed during these fights.
              Right: the grave of a Sergeant Major of the 149 R.I.,
              killed on 9 August.
              Left: the grave of Colonel Achille Fèvre,
              Commander of 22 R.I., killed on 22 August 1914, 
              close by here, on the Col.
              On the col you will find this informative map, showing the battles, attacks, and counterattacks between the French 1st. Army of General Dubail against the German VIIth. Army of General von Heeringen of August and September 1914.
              The red, unbroken, line points out the front in this sector, as it would freeze in a "stalemate"-situation from 1915 until 1918.
              There were fierce fights for the Pass of Ste. Marie from 8 August 1914 until 24 August 1914, and again on 9 September until the beginning of November 1914.
              On 8 August General Dubail ordered the 21st Army Corps to attack the Col de Ste. Marie, the Col de Bonhomme and the Chaume de Lusse. It was the task of the 31st Bataillon Chasseurs au Pied to conquer the Col de Ste. Marie and de Chaume de Lusse in the north at the cost of many casualties.
              On 9 August the 149 Infantry Regiment had to fight in this front sector. 440 Men were killed or went missing in action.
              At 16 August the French 2nd Battalion of the 99 R.I. under commandant Arbey entered the village of Ste. Marie aux Mines. The French had to withdraw on the 22nd. to the Col de Ste. Marie under pressure of General Grüber's 9th Brigade.
              On the 23rd the French recaptured the Col. On the same day the Germans found the French attack plans for the 24th on the body of a dead French soldier.
              On the 24th the Germans, attacking from the Pain du Sucre and the Chaume de Lusse, encircled the Pass and recaptured it. During these fights the French lost several important officers, amongst others Colonel Fèvre ( 221 RI), Lt. Col. De Malgaive (349 RI), and Lt. Col. Cullard (358 RI). 
              After 3 attacks and fights with bayonets the "Diables Bleus" or "Blue Devils" of the 28th Bataillon Chasseurs Alpins under command of Capitaine Regnault and the 343 R.I.  succeeded to conquer the Tête du Violu on 1 November 1914. The French reached the summit and occupied the western slopes of the Tête du Violu.
              The Germans though would hold the eastern slopes of the Bernhardstein (856m.),some 700 m. to the south, and the pass itself.
              The area around the Pass of Ste. Marie, the valley of Hergauchamp, and the town of Markirch were many times the target for French artillery bombardments.
              From the Sternberg-Boudet Memorial
              we take the track behind it northward.
              Along a difficult track we go upward,
              where we find some traces of German trenches.
              We spot our first German machine-gun bunker of the day.
              Some concise words about the German "Leber" Sector...
              The German "Leber" Sector.
              The German front sector, the "Leber" Sector, west of Ste. Marie-aux-Mines or Markirch, had a length of 15 km. The sector stretched from the summit of the Chaume de Lusse (838m.) in the north, via the eastern slopes of the Bernhardstein (856m.), southward to the summit of the Grand Brezouard (1229m.), near de Col de Bagenelles, north of Le Bonhomme.
              German units at Haut de Faîte.
              With intervals this front sector has been defended by the 61st. Landwehr Brigade, a Prussian reserve unit, consisting also of Hessian and Bavarian units, under command of General Freling, from 1914 until 1917.
              In 1915 the Jäger Bataillon 8 and Landwehr Infanterie Regiment 80 defended this northernpart of the "Leber" Sector.
              In 1916 and 1917 the Landsturm Bataillon Friedberg defended this "Hochfirst". In the second half of 1917 the Bavarian Landsturm Bataillon Landshut took over the defence of the Haut de Faîte. In 1918 the Bavarian Ersatz Regiment 2 manned these positions, north of the Col de Ste. Marie.
              (For more info about the southern "Leber" sector, visit first my previous photo impression about the Tête du Violu-Bernhardstein.)
              This late-war machine-gun bunker guards
              the road of the pass below.
              I enter this "Lützow" bunker for a short inspection.
              It is a two room bunker.
              If the trees would have been cut down again,
              the machine-gun would overview the road on the pass.
              I estimate not more than 50 m. more upward:
              another identical, late-war machine-gun bunker.
              The direction of the line of fire is slightly more westward.
              We follow a trench upward near the former 1871-1918 border.
              A concrete dug-out entrance.
              A 1915 model machine-gun bunker (masonry work) ...
              ... guards the track southward.
              A view through the fire hole inside.
              We continue through a trench upward.
              The trench runs upward to the" Adlerhorst", the Eagle's Nest.
              The trench to the "Adlerhorst", ...
              ...runs upward to the height of the Château de Faîte.
              On the steep ridge the "Adlerhorst" machine-gun bunker faces west.
              The interior; a room for shelter.
              The fire hole facing westward.
              Le Haut de Faîte has claimed the lives of many soldiers,
              not only of French soldiers, but also of many German soldiers.
              We continue upward in a trench on the ridge.
              From this point we have a magnificent view
              from the former German borderline to “France”.
              This trench knows also many dug-out entrances.
              The ruine of an observation post.
              Panorama view westward from this ruined bunker to the Ormont.
              Behind this bunker are relics of communication trenches.
              Beware: there are a lot of these concrete "foxholes" here, ...
              ... dug-out entrances, hidden under the dense vegetation!
              Don't fall in. I only show you a few here.
              Along the steep ridge we pass this bunker...
              ... with fire holes facing south-west.
              We have now reached the rock of the Château de Faîte (884 m.).
              A view north-westward from this observation post.
              Only the H-bars and the groundplan are in tact.
              A view downward from the post to the bunker we have just passed.
              Two views westward to "France".
              From this observation post we follow partly a trench northward.
              We switch to a track that follows the 1871-1918 borderline.
              A border stone.
              We approach now the Roche des Chèvres, "Goat's Rock".
              On top of the rock stands another border stone.
              View north-westward from the Roche des Chèvres (871 m.).
              From the Goat's Rock we continue.
              At 818 m. at a junction of tracks we walk eastward into the forest.
              We arrive at the former location of the German "Camp Hegelau".
              Camp Hegelau.
              We are now at the location of a vast military camp, originally created by Oberst (Colonel) Hegel's Landsturm Bataillon Weilheim, called "Camp Hegelau”. It was considerably enlarged and embellished by the L.I.R. 80. A pumping station, located in the valley of Robinot, and electricity generators supplied the Hegelau camp with potable water and electricity. A cableway, the "Eberhardt - Drahtseilbahn”, supplied equipment and materials from the valley of  Petit-Rombach, north-east of Ste. Marie-aux-Mines. A whole system of front railways, the "Lordonbahn," was supplying the nearby area’s from Lusse and Lubine in the north.
                The "Eberhardt - Drahtseilbahn".
              At this location stands a lonely grave memorial of a ...
              ... Landsturmann, Max Richter, killed in 1916.
              This forest road, constructed by L.I.R. 80 runs north-eastward, parallel to the former border.
              At the  "Hessische Löwe", the Hessian Lion, the path left upward
              returns to the border and to summit of the Chaume de Lusse.
              We prefer to continue along the forest road.
              A south-eastward view through the trees.
              We approach perhaps the last relic of the Camp Hegelau: ...
              ... a lavatory installation for the soldiers, ...
              ... constructed in 1916.
              Souvenir hunters, please, leave these few relics alone
              for the enjoyment of your other fellow travellers.
              A view from the soldiers lavatory into the direction of Brifosse.
              We return and we follow the eastern forest road downward.
              A panorama view southward into the direction of
              the Brézouard.
              The Lingekopf and the Tête de Faux are at the horizon.
              From a slope of the Haut de Faîte a last south-westward view
              at the "German side" of the Tête du Violu and the Bernhardstein.
              We have returned to our starting point of our walk at
              the Sternberg-Boudet Memorial at the Col de Ste. Marie.
              Next we will follow the front line northward to Bertrimoutier.
               Go the next chapter: "Bertrimoutier - Frapelle".
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