PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
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              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
               
              Pierre
               
               
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!
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              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              Association,
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
               
              And a member of:
               
               
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
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              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL

              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS

              NEW! Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn

              Cambrai

              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              BATTLEFIELD
              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

              AISNE 

              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 

              ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

              Reichackerkopf  

              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

              ARGONNE

              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince

              ARTOIS

              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 

              Loos

              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater

              CHAMPAGNE

              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges

              MARNE 

              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector

              SOMME INTRODUCTION

              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

              Gommecourt 

              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

              Contalmaison 

              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval

              Pozières  

              Martinpuich

              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 

              Bouchavesnes

              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches

              VERDUN

              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

              YPRES

              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 - Hollebeke -

              St. Elooi - Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood

              YZER

              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst

              OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
               
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              zoekmachine!) 
               
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
                 11-10-2008.
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Schroot
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
                  Somme
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              Mortier
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              Thiepval
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              Bayernwald
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
              Update
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 

               

               












              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle
               
              Alsace - Northern Vosges:
               
              Col d' Hermanpaire
               
              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle
               
              year of visit: 2009. 
               
              A visit to the Bavarian bunkers along the Col d' Hermanpaire and to the former battlefields around the hamlets of the Commune of Ban de Sapt: Launois, La Fontenelle, Laitre, and St. Jean d'Ormont.
               
              The Alsace Vosges North photo pages start at the Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein !
               
              At the foot of the here invisible Spitzemberg,
              we start at a demarcation stone near Le Beulay.
               
               
              From Frapelle - Le Beulay,
              we follow the D 45 northward, via La Petite-Fosse,
              to visit the area of the Col d' Hermanpaire.
               
               
              At the north side of the pass we detect some Bavarian bunkers.
               
               
              This double machine gun bunker controls the road.
               
               
              The two gun openings are hardly visible.
               
               
               
              This French 1918 Trench Map offers some idea of the networks of trenches around
              the Col d' Hermanpaire and Ban de Sapt. (Red lines for French trenches and blue lines for German positions.)
               
              Here, on both sides of the Col d' Hermanpaire, the Bavarian 39th Reserve Division
              controlled this road over the pass, from Frapelles / Beulay to the valley of the Hure river and the valley of the Fave river, with trenches and bunkers.
              The Col d' Hermanpaire was the territory of the Bavarian 39th Reserve Division. Their opponents were the French 210th Infantry Regiment (210me R.I).
               
               
              Together with the Bavarian 30th Reserve Division, in the north around Ban de Sapt, the 39th formed the army corps of General Magnus von Eberhardt, "Armee Korps Eberhardt".
               
               
              Some 50 m. more to the north: another bunker with rifle holes.
               
               
              It is part of a bunker complex here, ...
               
               
              ... and it has been constructed in 1916.
               
               
               
              Inside the bunker.
               
               
              Bavarian concrete and sunken entrances to underground shelters.
               
               
              We follow a path north-west,
              along traces of trenches and shellholes.
               
               
              We pass the relics of the fortified ruines of a farm.
              Barbed wire poles with a pig tail shape of the period.
               
               
              View from this spot south-west
              at the nearby Spitzemberg (841m.)
               
               
              We go back to the Col itself to explore
              the south side of the road, D 45.
               
              From the junction at the pass, along a dead end road southward, we detect this bunker guarding the road upward the Spitzemberg.
               
               
              Three rifles holes guard the road, ...
               
               
              ... which lies at the east foot of the Tête de Raves.
               
               
              Into the wood following the lower slopes of the Tête de Raves.
               
               
              We follow a difficult path north, 
              to find this Bavarian machine gun bunker, ...
               
               
              ... with it's top blown off,
              fallen down at the other side of the path, some 5 m. away.
               
               
              "Constructed in 1916 by 2.2. Infantry Unit 10 (B.R.I.R 10)".
               
               
              From the Col d'Hermanpaire we descend to the village of Launois.
              View at the Tête de Raves (873m.) right at the horizon.
               
               
              This Memorial for the Dead, a "Victorious France", 
              stands in front of the Mairie,
              the Community Hall of the 7 hamlets of Ban de Sapt.
              The Germans occupied Launois until 24 July 1915.
              The front line used to run through the west edge of the village.
               
               
              From Launois we continue to Côte 627, Height 627,
              centrepoint of the battlefield of Ban de Sapt in 1914 and 1915. 
               
              View from the hamlet of La Fontenelle at Height 627.
               
               
               
              A concise history of the Battles of Ban de Sapt. 
               
               
              The French occupation of Height 627.
               
              On 10 September 1914 the Germans vacate St. Dié. The 30th Bavarian Reserve Division withdraws to the mountain passes along the French-German border. At 14 September the French 133rd Infantry Regiment (133me R.I.), a unit of the 41st Division occupies the village of La Fontenelle, at the foot of Côte 627 (Height 627). On the same day the 1st Bavarian Ersatz Brigade starts to install itself on Côte 627.
              The next day, on the 15th, the French 23rd Infantry Regiment (23 R.I.), and the 133rd start to attack Côte 627. On 16 September these regiments, auxiliated by the 97me R.I. and by Chasseurs d'Afrique, conquer Côte 627 on the Bavarian 30th Reserve Division.
              After follow up attacks during the next days on Fraiteux and Germanfaing, the offensive stops at 22 September. At 30 September 1914 Commandant (Major) Barberot of the 1st Battalion of the 133me R.I. and Capitaine Cassoly immediately start to design and construct extensive defensive positions of trenches and bunkers on Height 627.
               
               
              The Opponents.
               
               
              Alternating turns the 23me R.I. and the 133me R.I. will together guard Côte 627. At the east foot of the height lies the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 11 (B.R.I.R. 11). The regiment forms together with the B.R.I.R. 14 the 10th Bavarian Reserve Brigade under command of Generalleutnant Müller. The 10th Bavarian Reserve Brigade and the 5th Bavarian "Ersatz Brigade" form together the 30th Reserve Division.
              In December 1914 the Bavarians started heavy artillery bombardments on the French positions.
               
              On 27 January 1915 the 133me R.I. launches an attack at the edge of the Bois de Laitre. The attack is a complete failure. The 133me R.I. even loses it's chief, Lt. Colonel Dayet.
               
               
              In April and May 1915 the Bavarians attack the Height several times with preceding mine explosions, even conquering a part of the French 1st line.
               
              Mine Warfare around Côte 627.
               
               
              From 8 December the Germans start tunnelling. Hearing underground sounds the French start tunnelling also. These activities lead to a constant underground battle for the saps and tunnels. In February 1915 an extensive mine war breaks out, with tunnelling, underground fights, mining and countermining, and with sometimes even several explosions on the same day. This mine war will go on until June 1915.
               
              22 June 1915: German attack and occupation of Côte 627.
               
               
              On 22 June 1915 the 23me R.I., on it's turn, is defending the height.
              At 13.55 hrs, the Bavarians explode three mines at the same time. Exactly at 14.00 hrs. the artillery of the 30th Bavarian Reserve Division bombards the village of La Fontenelle and Côte 627. After the bombardment, at 17.30 hrs. the B.R.I.R. 11, assisted at the left flank by the B.R.I.R 14, launches an infantry attack, using flame throwers, on the ruined French defensive positions on Côte 627. Around 21.00 hrs. the battalions of B.R.I.R. 11 reach all their targets.
              Although General Claret de la Touche sends auxiliary troops, the 43me R.I.T., the 37me R.I.C., and the 357me R.I., this assistance, a counter attack lead by Lt. Colonel Sohier, is of no avail. The number of casualties of the French is huge. 23me R.I. for instance lost two thirds of his officers. B.R.I.R. 11 stays and starts to occupy and fortify Côte 627.
              This French Army map sketches the German defensive positions. 
               
               
              8 July 1915. 133me R.I. Retakes Côte 627.
               
               
              On 8 July 1915, at 15.15 hrs., the French start an artillery bombardment from the Col de Robache with 220 mm, 65 mm, 75 mm, and 120 mm guns, at the German positions at Height 627. Since 27 June 1915 the 2nd and 4th Bavarian Reserve Regiments of the 5th Bavarian Ersatz Brigade have relieved the Bavarian 10th Reserve Infantry Brigade. These regiments occupy the height on 8 July.
               
               
              At 19.00 hrs. the 133me R.I., assisted by units of 357me R.I, 23me R.I., 6th Battalion Chasseurs Cycliste (bikers), and the 43me R.I.T., attacks, with a pincers manoeuvre and a spear head in the middle, the German positions. The 133me R.I. directs it's attacks also on the D 49, the road from Launois to La Chapelle and Moyenmoutiers.
               
              This map, to be found on Côte 627, shows the attacks of 133me R.I. of 8 July 1915. The orange line symbolises the jump off line. The black lines and x-es represent the German lines. The red arrows stand for the routes of the French attacks.
              The blue line pictures the new frontline of 9 July 1915 and the area, which 133me R.I. conquered on B.R.I.R. 11. The front line crosses twice the D 49 and runs for a part parallel to it.
               
              16 July. Unsuccessful German Counterattacks.
               
               
              On 16 July, at 08.00 hrs, the Bavarians at their turn launch an artillery bombardment on the French positions, which will last until 20:00 hrs. It is the opening of a Bavarian counterattack at the Côte 627. Under command of Major Neumann, the Bavarian 5th Ersatz Brigade, assisted by 2 companies of R.I.R. 60, and 1 company of L.I.R. 80, attacks at 20.00 hrs. at 4 locations at once. The French defend themselves with trench mortars and machine guns.
               
               
              In the night of 17 July, at 2.30 hrs., the Bavarians, having lost more than 100 men and 4 officers, are forced to call off the operation. The French casualties count that day 29 men.
               
              24 July. The French Final Offensive.
               
               
              On 24 July Lt. Colonel Sohier commands an attack on the German positions in and around the village of Launois. The Germans had fortified three neighbouring houses at the west side of the village into a stronghold.
              After a preceding artillery bombardment, which starts at 16.00 hrs., units of the 23me R.I. 133me R.I. , 43me R.I.T. , and of bikers of the Chasseurs Cycliste attack the village at 18.30 hrs. The Bavarians defend the village stubbornly with machine guns. At the end of the day the French manage to conquer the village.
              The French take 836 Bavarians prisoner, belonging to the Bavarian Jäger Bataillon 8, Brigade Ersatz Bataillon 3, and B.R.I.R. 14. The French count 522 casualties, among them 106 soldiers killed and 3 officers.
               
              August 1915: Stabilisation of the Front Line.
               
               
              In spite of several German counter attacks in the last week of July 1915, the Ban de Sapt frontline would freeze almost in the situation of 25 July. When the fights were definitely petered out in August 1915, the frontline stabilised until November 1918. The troops on both sides concerned this front sector as a quite sector; the French controlling the D 49, the Germans occupying the north-east. The large battles may be over, but, "to keep the troops sharp", from times to times there were still night patrols, combats, and artillery bombardments going on.
              2.240 French soldiers lost their lives at Ban de Sapt.
               
               
              Main source: my friend, Aris de Bruijn, fellow member of the Dutch WFA and author of "The Battle for the Height of Ban de Sapt", co-author of the alas sold-out book, "The First World War in the Northern Vosges", published in the Dutch language in 2006 by the WFA-Nederland. (Original titles respectively: "De strijd om de hoogte van Ban de Sapt" and "De Eerste Wereldoorlog in de Noordelijke Vogezen"). www.grensland1418.nl .
               
              We arrive at Côte 627. 
              At a spot some 50 m. east and in front of the cemetery, ...
               
               
              ... stands this modest memorial to commemorate 2 officers
              of the 133me R.I., fallen on this spot on different days.
               
               
              A memorial stone at the foot of the Crucifix tells us:
               
              "HERE HAS FALLEN HEROICALLY THE LIEUTENANT COLONEL DAYET, COMMANDER OF THE 133ME INFANTRY REGIMENT ON 27 JANUARY 1915 LEADING HIS MEN INTO THE ATTACK"
              THE CORPS OF THE LIEUTENANT COLONEL RESTS AT THE COMMUNAL CEMETERY OF ST. JEAN D' ORMONT."
               
               
              "E.P. Dayet (citation),
              colonel of the 133rd Infantry.
              Superior officer of high military value and morale. Corps Chief full of self-denial and dedication. Was killed on 27 January 1915 at some few metres from a German trench offering the most beautiful example of courage and contempt of danger."
               
               
              "It was in this moment, when the Lt. Colonel of the 133rd, eager to inform himself personally of the cause of such heavy losses, leaves the Trench of Daubard, stretches straight up, quietly inspecting the right and the left flanks. At around 7 m. from the enemy he is hit by the fire of two machine guns, and falls without ever raising up again."
               
              Again:
              "The Corps of the Lieutenant Colonel Dayet
              has been buried at the communal cemetery of 
              ST. JEAN D' ORMONT."
               
               
              Another memorial stone at the foot of the Crucifix
              tells the fate of Capitaine Burelle:  
               
              "HERE WAS KILLED CAPTAIN JEAN BURELLE ON 10 JULY 1915.
              THE CORPS OF THE CAPTAIN RESTS AT THE COMMUNAL CEMETERY OF ST. JEAN D' ORMONT."
               

              "The situation has not changed. Organisation of the conquered position. The artillery bombardment of the enemy continues all daylong and a part of the night. Captain Burelle killed - Second Lieutenant Girel wounded. 9 Soldiers killed - 16 wounded."

               
              The entrance to
              The Nécropole Nationale de Ban de Sapt - "La Fontenelle".
               
               
              The Cemetery contains the graves of 1.384 soldiers.
               
               
              ... representing all units,
              which were active in this front sector from 1914-1918.
               
               
              The cemetery also contains a mass grave,
              containing the human remains of 422 unknown soldiers.
               
               
              The units of these soldiers are all named here.
               
               
              This corporal of the 6th Group of Chasseurs Cycliste
              with a common name in the Netherlands,
              seems to have had Dutch roots.
               
               
               
              But I checked the last file of Guillaume (Willem) de Vries; his official death certificate. The corporal was born on 23 July 1891 in Paris, and thereby he was a genuine "Son of France".
               
              Copy of the official death certificate of Guillaume de Vries:
               
               
              A huge memorial watches over the cemetery.
               
               
              The sculptor, Antoine Sartorio (1885-1988),
              who fought as a soldier of the 363me R.I. in the Vosges,
              designed this memorial.
               
               
              A sculpture representing "France", looking at the southwest,
              and at the rear side the sculpture of a French soldier.
              At the other two sides: empty images of phantoms.
               
              Left: "TO THE VIGILANT DEFENDERS OF THE VOSGIAN SOIL"
              Right: "TO THE GREAT SOLDIERS OF THE VOSGES"
               
              Old comrades in arms left
              some commemorative panels at the foot of "France".
               
              Top: "IN MEMORY OF THE 133me, 333me, AND 56me R.I. TO THEIR COMRADES FALLEN AT LA FONTENELLE"
              Bottom: " THE VETERANS OF THE 23me R.I. TO THEIR FALLEN COMRADES AT LA FONTENELLE 1914-1915-1916 THIS PLAQUE HAS BEEN INITIATED BY THE CARE OF RENE DANDIEU OF THE 23me R.I. COMMANDER IN THE LEGION OF HONOUR".
               
              At the edge of the cemetery and around it,
              you still can find traces of trenches.
               
               
              From this former trench
              you will get this panorama north-westward.
               
               
               
              Again, from left to right in 3 steps:
               
               
              The village of Menil de Senones, right at the horizon.
              The road in the valley is the D 49.
               
               
              The mountain at the horizon, right,
              is the Côte d'Ortomont (894 m.)
               
               
              View from the area around Laitre southward to Côte 627.
               
               
              We leave Côte 627 via the D 49 along this demarcation stone,
              in front of the Bois de Laitre:
              "FROM HERE WE FORCED BACK THE INVADER. 1918."
               
               
              We make a jump westward, to the village of St. Jean d' Ormont,
              for a visit to the graves of Lt. Col. Dayet and Capt. Burelle.
               
               
              On the communal cemetery in front of this XVth century church,
              we already detect a family grave, containing 4 war victims,
              two of them killed in 1914.
               
               
              Behind the church lies a "Carré Militaire", a military plot,
              with a mass grave under this Crucifix.
               
               
              In the base of the crucifix we can read, 
              that this military cemetery has been:
               
              "INAUGURATED ON 10 XI 1914
              BY GENERAL CLARET DE LA TOUCHE, COMMANDER OF THE 41st DIVISION, COLONEL BULOT, COMMANDER OF THE 82nd BRIGADE, AND LT. COL. DAYET, COMMANDER OF THE 133me R.I."
               
              Also mentioned is Lt. Col. Sohier, commander of the 23me R.I., ...
               
               
              ... and Lt. Col. Baudrand, the successor of Dayet,
              as commander of the 133me. R.I.
               
               
              On the wall of the church hangs this plague.
               
              "HAVE DIED GLORIOUSLY FOR THE FATHERLAND AND REST HERE"
              Followed by a list of 272 names of French soldiers.
               
              "GIFT OF THE SOLDIERS OF THE 133me INFANTRY REGIMENT
              This cemetery has been created and maintained by the stretcher bearers and musicians on the initiative of Mr. the MAJOR-DOCTOR A. EPAULARD"
               
              In this mass grave rest also 10 German soldiers and a Feldwebel (Sergeant Major), killed in September 1914.
               
               
              The mass grave also contains
              the human remains of an unknown American soldier (right).
               
               
              Opposite the wall, next to the mass grave, 
              lies the grave of Lt. Colonel Dayet,
              overlooking the graves of 107 other soldiers.
               
               
              "HERE RESTS DAYET, Louis - Alexandre, Knight in the Legion of Honour. Lieutenant Colonel, Commander of the 133me R.I. Heroically fallen during an attack on a German trench in front of the enemy on 27 January 1915."
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
              The grave of Captain Burelle.
               
               
               
              A grave for aspirant officer Paul Reguet,
              "DIED FOR FRANCE AT THE AGE OF 22."
               
               
              Two soldiers of the 23me R.I. share their grave.
               
               
               
              We leave the battlefield of Ban de Sapt with a last view
              from the area around Laitre, at Côte 627.
               
               
              We will continue northward to Senones
              and the Roche Mère Henry.
               
               Continue to the next chapter:

              Reacties

              Ben van der Heiden op 22-08-2009 16:47
              Wil weer terug.
              Knap weer gegeven Pierre en een hoop werk geleverd.
              bv. dat van de Vries en dat hij in Parijs is geboren..
              Kijk ook nog met plezier terug op die dag.
               
              gr Ben
              Pierre op 22-08-2009 19:11
              @ Ben. Ja, jij was daarbij, Ben. Dat was op 31 mei j.l. en inderdaad een mooie dag, ouwe frontmakker! Bedankt voor jouw reactie.
               
              Pierre
              René op 23-08-2009 14:14
              Mooi verslag Pierre
               
              Ik heb me er goed mee kunnen voorbereiden voor m'n eigen trip naar de noordelijke Vogezen en natuurlijk al de nodige indrukken opgedaan door jou prachtige foto's.
               
              René
              Pierre op 23-08-2009 18:34
              @ René. Dank je wel, René. Het zal te laat zijn voor jouw trip naar de Vogezen, maar ik heb nog een pagina in voorbereiding over de Noordelijke Vogezen.Helaas nog in een erg vroeg stadium, dat ik nog niet met jou of anderen hier kan delen. Ik wens je een mooie trip toe naar de Vogezen, René, en ik hoop uiteraard dat je alles van jouw gading kunt vinden. Foto's kunnen mooi zijn , maar er gaat niets boven de werkelijkheid van het zelf daar zijn!
               
              Pierre
              René op 23-08-2009 22:24
              Ik ben benieuwd naar je vervolg pagina van de noordelijke Vogezen, ik denk dat ik genoeg zal vinden maar waarschijnlijk tijd te kort zal komen. Ik heb van jou goede informatie gekregen, maar ook van anderen en door eigen zoektochten op het internet, dus ik ga op zoek naar bekendere gebieden die ik op m'n lange front reis in 2007 heb gemist, maar ook naar plekken waar de linnies liepen maar waar weinig of niets van bekent is (in elkgeval niet bij mij of het internet).
               
              Ik kijk in elkgeval uit naar mijn ontdekkings reis naar de Vogezen en als ik thuis kom zal ik zeker je nieuwe pagina ('s) gaan inspecteren.
               
              René
              Pierre op 25-08-2009 11:43
              @ René. Jij schreef o.a.: "ik denk dat ik genoeg zal vinden maar waarschijnlijk tijd te kort zal komen."
              Dat heb ik telkens weer, René, heel herkenbaar dus. Redenen genoeg dus om steeds weer terug te keren voor een volgend interessant stukje van het front.
              Nogmaals een goede reis, René!
               
              Pierre
              Akim op 26-08-2009 12:24
              Pierre, evenals de vorige berichten is ook deze indrukwekkend.
              Foto's zijn "mooi"en bijschriften zijn goed begrijpelijk voor mij om te lezen.
              Klasse dat jullie samen dit hebben kunnen doen voor de thuisblijvers.
               
              Heel veel dank
               
              Akim
              Pierre op 27-08-2009 11:20
              @ Akim. Dank je wel, Akim. Die "thuisblijvers" zijn voor ons hierevenzo belangrijke gasten, als degenen die wel kunnen gaan, Akim!
              Ook bedankt namens Christine!
               
              Pierre
              spitfireleo op 31-08-2009 03:09
              Zoals altijd al een mooie reeks foto's, Pierre. De documentatie mag er ook zijn en de kaarten zijn uiteraard verhelderend. Ik ben in blijde verwachting voor de volgende reeksen.
              Groetjes,
              Leo
              Pierre op 31-08-2009 13:05
              @ Leo. Dank je wel Leo, voor jouw vriendelijke woorden uit België. Gezien het tijdstip van jouw bezoek, hoop ik niet, dat mijn website jou uit de slaap heeft gehouden. Uiteraard komen er binnenkort nog meer foto-impressies of uitbreidingen van bestaande impressies. Nogmaals bedankt.
               
              Pierre
              spitfireleo op 31-08-2009 16:59
              Neen, Pierre, het bezoekuur heeft te maken met mijn nog altijd gestoord bioritme dank zij meer dan 35 jaar onregelmatig werken en dus leven! In de late namiddag krijg ik het zwaar te verduren, maar als ik het ongeluk heb om mijn ogen dicht te doen, al was het maar 30 minuten, dan geraak ik 's avonds echt niet in slaap. Lig dan over van alles en nog wat te piekeren en artikels in mijn hoofd samen te stellen, zodat het beter is dat ik er dan uitblijf ( uit bed)en nog wat lees. Wat is er dan beter dan het lezen van teksten geschreven door bezielde mensen die bovendien nog weten waarover ze het hebben. Daarnaast ook nog kijken naar you tube die een formidabele verzameling presenteren van allerlei filmpjes over de oorlog (WOI en WOII). Te veel om te gaan slapen! Schrik om wat te missen denk ik. Ik hoop dat er inderdaad nog een ander leven wacht na dit, zodat ik kan verder gaan om mijn nieuwsgierigheid te paaien, maar vermits ik wel wat twijfels heb hierover, probeer ik dus nu zo veel mogelijk mee te nemen. Gek, hé?
              Groetjes,
              Leo
              Pierre op 01-09-2009 12:31
              @ Leo. Jouw door onregelmatige werktijden levenslang verstoorde bioritme brengt jou dus ’s nachts hier. Inderdaad is het dan beter het bed te verlaten om wat anders te doen, dat wel het nuttige met het aangename verenigt. Het is niet zo gek, hoor, dat je met het naderen der jaren het leven gretiger of intensiever beleeft dan voorheen. Herkenbaar, Leo! Bedankt voor jouw toelichting, en voor een volgende keer; toch eens een prettige nachtrust.
               
              Pierre
              op 25-09-2009 00:23
              Beste Pierre,
               
              Momenteel ben ik Martin Middlebrook's "First day on the Somme" aan het lezen. Ik lees echter op een aparte manier, dwz. Google Earth op de PC en jouw Somme reportages op de laptop.
               
              Het is verbazend hoe het boek hierdoor tot leven komt. Allemaal mooi op te volgen en je foto's brengen het geheel tot leven. Mooi zo !!
               
              Groeten van Leo
              Pierre op 25-09-2009 20:05
              @ Leo. Een betere bestudering van de Slag vanuit een bureaustoel kan ik mij niet voorstellen, Leo!
              Probeer ook eens www.geoportail.fr uit als aanvulling op Google satellite. Nog mooiere resolutie vaak!
               
              Bedankt voor jouw reactie!
               
              Pierre
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