PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
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                NEW Lorraine

                Photo Impression

                South of Metz

                German Bunkers &

                Fortifications 

                 
                Pierre Grande Guerre
                shows his
                photo impressions
                of his trips along
                the Western Front
                with his selfmade photo's,
                historic pictures,
                and maps.
                Few words,
                many pictures,
                and many links.
                 
                Pierre
                 
                 
                Pierre is the author
                of the Dutch book,
                 
                "De Rode Duivels in de
                Vogezen - 1914-1915 -
                Een geïllustreerde
                reconstructie van de
                krijgsverrichtingen
                van het 152e
                Régiment d'Infanterie" 
                 
                 
                 
                Zie voor de details de
                Prijs: € 15,- pdf-versie
                Geïnteresseerd?
                stuur een e-mail.
                ------------------------------

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                “Bochkareva en haar

                Vrouwenbataljon”

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                Prijs: € 15,-
                excl. verzendkosten
                Geïnteresseerd?
                stuur een e-mail naar

                pierregrandeguerre@hotmail.nl  

                 
                Pierre is a Dutch member
                of the Canadian
                Central Ontario Branch
                of the Western Front
                Association,
                 
                And a member of:
                 
                 
                The Western Front
                Association Nederland
                 
                 
                Are you not familiar with
                the backgrounds & causes
                of the First World War?
                 
                Read my 5 illustrated pages:
                 
                 
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                LINKS TO THE SPECIAL
                LINKS TO ALL
                BATTLEFIELD
                PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
                in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

                AISNE 

                Chemin des Dames part 1 

                Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

                Chemin des Dames part 3     

                ALSACE LORRAINE

                The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

                Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

                Montreux German Front Walk

                The Battle of Morhange - 1914

                French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

                South of Metz - German Bunkers -

                Feste Wagner 

                ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

                Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

                Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

                Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

                Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

                Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

                Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

                The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

                ALSACE VOSGES  

                Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

                Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

                Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

                Lingekopf - le Linge  

                Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

                Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

                Reichackerkopf  

                Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

                Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

                Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

                Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

                Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

                Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

                Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

                ALSACE SUNDGAU  

                Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

                Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

                ARGONNE

                Mort Homme Côte 304

                Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

                Butte de Vauquois

                Haute Chevauchée

                The Bunker of the German Crownprince

                ARTOIS 

                Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

                La Targette - Cabaret Rouge

                Notre Dame de Lorette

                Loos

                Aubers Ridge - Fromelles            

                Arras Wellington Quarry

                Vimy Ridge

                Lichfield Crater

                CHAMPAGNE

                St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

                Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

                La Main des Massiges

                MARNE 

                Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

                First Battle of the Marne   

                Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

                Second Battle of the Marne

                SAINT MIHIEL

                Les Eparges Ridge

                Calonne Trenches Tranchée

                Fort de Troyon

                Apremont Forest Trenches

                Butte de Montsec

                Rémenauville Destroyed Village

                le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

                SOMME British Sector

                SOMME INTRODUCTION

                Auchonvillers Trench

                Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

                Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

                Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

                Ovillers La Boiselle

                Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

                Redan Ridge 

                Newfoundland Memorial Park  

                Serre Hébuterne 

                Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

                Gommecourt 

                Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

                Contalmaison 

                Mametz Wood 

                Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

                Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

                High Wood Longueval

                Delville Wood Longueval

                Pozières  

                Martinpuich

                le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

                Flers Gueudecourt

                Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

                SOMME French Sector 

                Bouchavesnes

                Rancourt Cimetière National

                Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

                Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

                Flaucourt Biaches

                VERDUN

                VERDUN Citadel 

                Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

                Road To Fort Douaumont       

                Fort de Douaumont

                Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

                Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

                Fort de Souville 

                Fort de Vaux 

                Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

                La Voie Sacrée

                Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

                Flabas German Reprisals Camp

                The German Camp Marguerre 

                Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

                Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

                Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

                YPRES

                Menin Road Railway Wood

                Hill 62 Sanctuary Wood

                Hooge

                Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

                Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

                Hill 60 Hollebeke Lankhof Farm

                Messines Ridge

                Pilkem Ridge

                Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

                Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

                Passchendaele Ridge

                Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

                Ploegsteert Wood

                YZER

                Nieuport Ramskapelle

                Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

                Diksmuide Trench of Death 

                Leke Vladslo Houthulst

                OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

                 



                ALSACE Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray
                 
                Alsace Vosges:
                 
                Col du Bonhomme
                 
                la Roche du Coq de Bruyère
                 
                Col de la Séboue
                 
                Col des Journaux
                 
                Col de Mandray
                 
                years of visit: 2004 - 2007 - 2008 - 2009 - 2010.
                 
                 
                Alsace Lorraine, France, the Vosges Mountains,
                right flank of General Joffre.
                At the summits and passes: battlefields of mountain warfare from the earliest days of the war in August 1914.
                 
                The Col du Bonhomme used to be a border checkpoint
                of the 1871-1914 Franco-German frontier.
                 
                 
                French and German customs-officers pose together in harmony
                for this pre-war post card.
                 
                 
                This old border stone has been moved from the Col itself to
                some 100 m. more southward along the D 148.
                 
                The text is not more readable. It used to be:
                "ELZASSERSTRASSE 8 VON DIEDOLSHAUSEN (nowadays le Bonhomme) NACH NEU BREISACH (nowadays Neuf-Brisach, east of Colmar). HÖHE ŰBER DEN MEER 950 M."
                At the left side: "DEUTSCHLAND COLMAR 32 KM."
                "Alsatian road nr. 8 from le Bonhomme to Neuf-Brisach. Height above sea 950 m."
                 
                This hotel at the Col du Bonhomme forms always
                our base of operations to explore the battlefields.
                According to Martial, our host and cook,
                there used to be a French wartime cemetery
                on the premisses of his hotel.
                 
                 
                The Col's junction offers a good departure point
                for our explorations.
                 
                 
                The Col also offers this Memorial for
                the French, 69-years old General Bataille, commander
                of the 41st Infantry Division since 3 September 1914,  ...
                 
                 
                ... and 6 of his officers, who died on
                the Col du Bonhomme on 8 September 1914
                by the impact of a German artillery grenade.
                 
                 
                From the 41st Infantry Division's War Journal d.d. 08-09-1914:
                "At 11.40 hrs. just returned to the Col du Bonhomme, where the artillery bombardment redoubles it's intensity, General Bataille makes his observations from the houses at the Col, when a 19 cm projectile explodes just in front of him, and it also hits mortally Captain Couillaud."
                 
                Same spot in 1915, officers of the Chasseurs Alpins:
                 
                 
                On 25 August 1914 the 30th. Battalion Chasseurs Alpins ...
                 
                 
                ... occupied the Col and the area around it.
                 
                 
                The ancient road down to le Bonhomme.
                 
                 
                In 2008 we went down for a walk down this road...
                 
                 
                ... to look for the former temporarily quarters of the General.
                 
                 
                General Bataille's headquarters used to be in and
                around this foresters house.
                 
                 
                View from the foresters house at the slopes of the Tête de Faux.
                 
                 
                Around the house,
                some collapsed entrances to former French dugouts.
                 
                 
                View from this spot over the valley of the Béhine-river.
                 
                 
                 
                At the end of the French - Prussian War of 1870-1871 the French lost Alsace Lorraine, a vital and an important industrial area, to the Germans.
                At the beginning of the Great War General Joffre launched Plan XVII,
                a kind of pre-emptive strike to reconquer the lost Alsace Lorraine sector.
                Joffre ordered an "Offensive à l' Outrance!", an "Offensive to the Utmost".
                 
                 
                 
                From 6 August Joffre launched 3 Armies in Alsace Lorraine;
                General Ruffey and his 3rd Army near Metz, General Castelnau and this 2nd Army near Nancy, and General Dubail and his 1st Army near Epinal and the "Crêtes", the summits of the Vosges.
                They were opposed by the Bavarian 6th Army of Crownprinz Rupprecht von Bayern, and the 7th Army of General von Heeringen.
                 
                 
                 
                The fighting for the summits and the mountain passes of the Vosges would go on until
                the end of 1915, the attacks initiated alternately by both parties.
                The battles concentrated on the summits of the Tête de Violu, Col de Mandray,
                Col du Bonhomme, Tête de Faux, le Linge, Collet du Linge, Hohrodberg, Grand Honack,
                Honeck, Rainkopf, Grand Ballon, le Sudelkopf, and the Vieil Armand.
                 
                 
                From the Col du Bonhomme we make a trip northward
                via the D 148 to the Col du Pré des Raves and
                the Col des Bagenelles. From the Col des Bagenelles
                we will later jump westward, via a numberless road,
                into the Forêt Domaniale de la Croix aux Mines. 
                 
                Col du Pré des Raves.
                 
                 
                First: a short route from the Col du Bonhomme northward
                to the Col du Pré des Raves and the Col des Bagenelles.
                 
                 
                East of the Col du Pré des Raves into the direction of ...
                 
                 
                ... the Col des Bagenelles lies along a hairpin curve...
                 
                 
                 
                ... the by dense vegetation hidden
                Roche du Coq de Bruyère (Rock of the Rooster of Bruyère).
                 
                 
                The rock served as an important observation post for the French, with a trench on top of it, ...
                 
                 
                ... and a man-made tunnel beneath it.
                 
                 
                Of course I entered the tunnel,
                armed with my hat for protection and my flashlight.
                 
                 
                After 15 m. at the right is a small and low side room,
                with a rifle hole directed to the east.
                 
                 
                The  main tunnel itself is not higher than 1.25 m.
                 
                 
                Some 15 m. furtheron , again a lower room on the right side.
                It might have served an observation opening eastward,
                or a as "caponnière",
                a hole to throw hand grenades down the steep slope.
                 
                 
                The tunnel ends some 15 m. furtheron;
                the entrance to the left corridor down is filled in.
                 
                 
                Outside; on the east side of the rock runs a now shallow trench.
                 
                 
                A young tree grows out of the trench.
                 
                 
                Beware. Climbing around this trench is dangerous ...
                 
                 
                ... at the risk of tumbling down the steep slopes.
                 
                 
                At the summit of the trench and the rock a view westward.
                 
                 
                From the same spot a view northward.
                Over the former German lines in the Valley of the Lièpvre river,
                into the direction of Ste. Marie aux Mines (Markirch).
                 
                 
                For quite a different perspective of the Roche du Coq de Bruyère we continue, under other weather conditions, westward
                to the Col des Bagenelles.
                 

                From the Col des Bagenelles a teleview up- and eastward
                to the Roche du Coq de Bruyère.
                 

                The Col des Bagenelles offers this panorama view northward
                over the valley of the Lièpvre river,
                into the direction of Ste. Marie aux Mines.
                 
                 
                 
                We return and continue westward, and we make some stops
                at the Col de la Séboue, the Col des Journaux,
                and the Col du Mandray.
                 
                 
                Col de la Séboue (794m), a sign attached to a tree tells:
                 
                "On the heights of this narrow mountain pass, from Col du Bonhomme at Col des Journaux and Mandray, one of the first battles of the Great War 14-18 took place in August and September 1914. Terrible combats caused thousands of deaths, these relics of a trench is all that is left as sole witnesses."
                 
                 
                This ditch is one of the few relics of a French trench
                along this side road.
                 
                 
                At the Col des Journaux near Fraize
                the Franco American Association raised this monument ...
                 
                 
                ... to commemorate the battles of August and September 1914, ..
                 
                 
                ... and the 400.000 French and Allied soldiers,
                who died during the Great War in the Vosges.
                 
                 
                 
                Left column of this plaque:
                 
                "Dedicated to 7 Indo Chinese Regiments - to 3 Divisions of Polish Volunteers, who fought under French Colours - to the 5th American Infantry Division -
                to the 868 Regiments or Battalions, who took part in the battles from 1914 to 1918 in the Vosges."
                 
                 
                Centre column of the plaque:
                 
                "Memorial erected to honour 400.000 French and Allied soldiers,
                who died for France on the Vosgian soil, high region of combats of war 1914-1918."
                 
                Right column of this plaque:
                 
                "Heraldic shield of the city of Fraize with it's "Croix de Guerre" - dedicated to the Battalions of  the French Chasseurs Alpins (mountain troops) - to the English pilots under the Royal Flying Corps - to the 30 African Regiments - to the 2  Divisions of Czechian Volunteers, who fought under the colours of France.
                 
                A few kilometers to the west, the Col de Mandray (694 m.).
                 
                 
                At the T junction with the D 23 ....

                 
                 
                ... we found this memorial with the inscription:
                 
                "IN MEMORY OF THE CHIEF OF THE BATTALION VERLET - HANUS,
                MORTALLY WOUNDED ON 29 AUGUST 1914 NEAR THE COL DE MANDRAY
                COMMANDING THE 13TH B.C.A. (13me Bataillon Chasseurs Alpins) DE CHAMBERY".
                 
                A view from the Verlet - Hanus Memorial westward.
                 
                 
                 Continue to the next chapter:




                Reacties

                op 19-07-2009 22:18
                Prachtig Pierre de Alsace/Vosges blijven boeiend, een plek waar keer op keer weer nieuwe dingen zijn te ontdekken. Ik ga zelf over een paar weken weer dit prachtige gebied bezoeken, een ware ontdekkings reis.
                 
                René
                 
                 
                Pierre op 19-07-2009 22:59
                @ René. Dank je wel, René. Ik hoop dat je mooie dagen in het landschap van de Vogezen zult beleven!
                 
                Pierre
                AUZENE jean-Yves op 26-09-2010 05:33
                French Maire de la commune de La Croix aux Mines
                AUZENE jean-Yves op 26-09-2010 05:34
                Bonjour Maire de la Croix aux Mines
                Pierre op 26-09-2010 12:33
                @le Maire de la Croix-aux-Mines. Merci, Monsieur le Maire de la Croix-aux-Mines, Jean-Yves Auzene, pour votre message ici!
                 
                Pierre
                marilynYpreshotel op 15-10-2010 12:12
                Leuke herinnering aan het Westelijk Front sites, het geeft ons een inzicht in oorlogstijd opwinding in die jaren ... Hopelijk duurt het niet weer gebeuren. In deze streek, waren veel van de opvang van hotel ook gebouwd voor iedere toerist. Ik was in staat een bezoek aan een, als je het wilt weten, kijk maar mijn profiel above.Excellent blog!
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                Read phonetically

                Pierre op 16-10-2010 17:30
                @ Marilyn. Dank je wel, Marilyn, voor jouw reactie hier. Ook aan Ieper en omgeving besteed ik op deze website veel aandacht. Kijk eens hier: http://pierreswesternfront.punt.nl/?gr=780014en hier ,http://pierreswesternfront.punt.nl/?gr=779918.
                Nogmaals bedankt, Marilyn.
                Pierre
                Christine GG op 22-10-2012 12:45

                Ziet er mooi uit Pierre, de nieuwe site

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