PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
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              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
               
              Pierre
               
               
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!
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              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              Association,
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
               
              And a member of:
               
               
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
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              of the First World War?
               
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              "De Rode Duivels in de
              Vogezen - 1914-1915 -
              Een geïllustreerde
              reconstructie van de
              krijgsverrichtingen
              van het 152e
              Régiment d'Infanterie" 
               
               
               
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              ------------------------------
              -------------------------------------------
              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL

              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS

              NEW! Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn

              Cambrai

              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              BATTLEFIELD
              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

              AISNE 

              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 

              ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

              Reichackerkopf  

              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

              ARGONNE

              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince

              ARTOIS

              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 

              Loos

              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater

              CHAMPAGNE

              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges

              MARNE 

              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector

              SOMME INTRODUCTION

              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

              Gommecourt 

              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

              Contalmaison 

              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval

              Pozières  

              Martinpuich

              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 

              Bouchavesnes

              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches

              VERDUN

              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

              YPRES

              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 - Hollebeke -

              St. Elooi - Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood

              YZER

              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst

              OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
               
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              zoekmachine!) 
               
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
                 11-10-2008.
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Schroot
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
                  Somme
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              Mortier
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              Thiepval
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              Bayernwald
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
              Update
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 

               

               












              VERDUN Citadel
              Verdun:
               
              City Centre and
               
              the Citadel of Verdun
               
              Years of visit: 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2005, 2006, and 2009.
               
              Verdun is situated along the banks of the river Meuse.
              The city with her Citadel lies on top of a height, an important strategic position along the road Reims - Metz.
              In February 1916 Verdun and it's sourrounding fortresses would be the objective of General Falkenhayn "to bleed the French to death at Verdun".
               
              In 1986 we were on our way back home from a holiday
              in the French Alps, looking for a hotel. 
              By accident we arrived at dusk in the town of Verdun.
              My curiosity for this period of time in France was awakened
              during this stay in Verdun.
               
               
              Nowadays Verdun is a typical northern French town,
              a busy and a pleasant place to stay over for some nights.
              (right: Opera House of Verdun).
               
               
              Satellite photo of the City Centre of Verdun.
               
              The quai's of the Meuse are bordered with cosy terraces
              with parasols and fine restaurants.
               
               
              Verdun has been under fire and heavy bombardments
              during the whole war period.
               
               
              The Meuse quai's and a large part of the centre were totally
              destroyed by the end of the war.
               
               
              During the war Verdun was an important logistic station
              for transport of troops and supplies to the 12 fortresses,
              that surround the vicinity of the town.
              The city was the centre-spot of the Battle of Verdun in 1916.
              You will find all kinds of memorials in the town,
              like this one:
              the Memorial for the fallen French soldiers of the Great War.
               
               
              And of course the "Monument à la Victoire", the Victory Memorial,
              towering over the town and visible from any spot in Verdun.
               

               
               
              The ancient city gate of Verdun, the Porte Chaussée.
               
               
              Along the former remparts: Rodin's "La Défense",
              an afterwar gift to Verdun by "friendly Holland".
               
               
              The eastern city gate; the Porte St. Paul.
               
               
              "VERDUN
              BESIEGED, DESTROYED, OR DAMAGED.
              450 - 485 - 984 - 984 - 1047 - 1246 - 1338 - 1562 - 1792 - 1870
              HAS BEEN DESTROYED IN
              TEN MONTHS
              FEBRUARY - DECEMBER 1916
              HAS BEEN REBUILT IN TEN YEARS
              1919-1929
              ON 23 JUNE 1929 UNVEILED BY ….

              (Followed by a list of a company with illustrious names
              Amongst others: President Doumergue, Poincaré, Maginot, Pétain, and Painlevé.)
               
              ON 26 FEBRUARY 1926 THE FRENCH STATE HAS RETURNED TO THE CITY OF VERDUN 54 HECTARES OF TERRAIN OCCUPIED BY THE OLD REMPARTS, ERECTED BY VAUBAN. -
              THE CITY OF VERDUN IS NOW ABLE TO PLAN NEW ROADS, EXPEND THE OLD QUARTERS, OPEN NEW ACCESSES, DEPLOY NEW ENTERPRISES, CONSTRUCT HOUSES.
              ON THIS DAY A NEW ERA HAS BEGUN FOR DISMANTLED VERDUN."

               
              Along the Quai des Londres on the east bank of the Meuse: ...
               
               
              ... the former officers mess.
               
               
              On the west bank of the Meuse,
              the street leading to the entrance of the Citadel: Rue du Rû.
               
               
              La Citadelle de Verdun. The Citadel.
               
               
              The military heart of Verdun is the Citadelle de Verdun,
              an underground base, giving shelter to 6.000 troops.
              This is the entrance to the underground base nowadays.
               
               
              In the war the Citadelle was an underground city,
              with 6000 inhabitants, 4 kilometres of underground corridors,
              6 gunpowder-stores, 7 ammunition depots, a mill,
              a water pump station, a bakery, a hospital, a church, 
              and an underground mini railroad for transports.
              The same entrance in 1916.
               
               
              The Citadel tries to revive it's past by showing life size
              window-figures of soldiers and officers in the corridors
              and rooms of the underground base.
              It looks a bit tricky, but on the other hand, 
              it gives quite a reasonable 3D-impression of the daily life
              of the soldiers in the Citadel.
              This picture was taken in one of the kitchen's and officer's messes.
               
               
              Life in the dormitories of the soldiers.
               
               
               
               
               
               
               
              The radio control room.
              In those times radio and field-telephones (all wired!)
              were a rather new technological invention,
              and it was not yet a very reliable communication system.
               
               
               
              Officers supervising the radio-traffic of encoded
              battle orders to the trenches and fortresses.
               
              The Election of "The Unknown Soldier" - 1920
              The exhibition in the Citadelle of 1986 showed a large element of patriotism and nationalism.
              The exhibition payed much attention to the proces of the election
              of the "The Unknown Soldier",
              now buried under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
               

              This is an artist's impression made for a
              French News Paper in 1920.
              The army collected 8 nameless soldiers,
              from 8 different battlefields in France.
              The veteran officer of Verdun, the Minister Maginot,
              supervised the election.
              The soldier, Auguste Thin,
              had the honour to elect "The Unknown Soldier".

              Some period photo's of the event:
              The Guard of Honour around the coffin.
               
               
              The artillery prolonge with the coffin leaves the Citadel.
               
               
              The procession passes through the streets of Verdun.
               
               
              The coffin with  "The Unknown Soldier" arrives at the Arc de Triomphe,
              Paris.
               
               
              The impressions of the Battle of Verdun of 1916,
              and some concise information about the battle
              will be in shown on the next photo pages.
               
                Continue to the next chapter:













              Reacties

              Ben v.d. Heiden op 14-03-2008 14:41
              Nogmaals bedankt, mooie impressie.
              Je hebt wel geluk gehad, goed weer en weinig mensen.
              Komt de foto's ten goede.
               
              Groet Ben 
              Paul Heizenberg op 12-06-2009 14:45
              Hoeveel keren ik naar Verdun ben geweest weet ik niet meer.
              Telkens als ik de naam Verdun lees, of zie staan kijk ik.
              Je hebt weer een mooie serie gemaakt.Pracht foto,s.
              Tot ziens,
              Paul.
              Pierre op 13-06-2009 14:16
              @ Paul H. Van een Verdun-kenner zoals jij, is dit een groot compliment, Paul.
              Bedankt!
               
              Pierre
              Martin Frankcom op 04-06-2013 14:31

              Some nice shots around Verdun. If the forts there interest you then you may enjoy this:

              http://www.jarrelook.co.uk/Urbex/Verdun/Verdun.htm

              We were there only last week and we still need to add the fort we explored to the site yet but there's plenty for you to see. Hope you enjoy them and I hope to bump into you over there one day.

              Pierre Grande Guerre op 04-06-2013 17:40

              @ Martin F. Thank you very much for your link to your interesting website. My first impression forces me to re-visit your website several times in the near future. ;)

              Next spring we hope to be able to visit again the Verdun sector. So, who knows, perhaps we will meet in a fort or on the battlefield?

              Pierre

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