On june 28, 1914, three members of a separatistic, Serbian Nationalists group,
known as the "Black Hand", set out to the streets of Sarajevo
with the intent to assinate the brother of the Emperor of Austria-Hungary.
The "Black Hand", advocated a separation of Bosnia Herzegowina
and intended to achieve a union with Serbia.
Bosnia Herzogowina belonged to the union of the Austrian Hungarian Empire...
... under Kaiser Franz Joseph I.
Kaiser Franz Joseph
nephew of Franz Joseph,
heir to the Austrian Hungarian throne.
In 1913 Franz Ferdinand was appointed Inspector General of the Austro-Hungarian army.
In the summer of 1914 General Oskar Potiorek,
Governor of the Austrian provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina, ...
....invited the Inspector to watch his troops on maneuvers.
Although he knew it would be dangerous, Franz Ferdinand,
accompanied by his wife Sophie, agreed to make the visit.
When it was announced that Franz Ferdinand was going to visit Sarajevo in June 1914,
the "Black Hand" immediately started planning to murder The Crown Prinz.
The positions of the "Black Hand" in Sarajevo,
along the route of Franz Ferdinand's motorcade;
The "Black Hand": a group of a only 6 men.
On 10.10 o'clock in the morning, when the 6 car motorcade passed the central police station,
Nedjelko Cabrinovic hurled a handgrenade at the Archduke's car.
The driver accelerated and the grenade exploded under the wheel of the next car.
Two of the passengers were seriously wounded.
Franz Ferdinand's driver, Franz Urban, drove on extremely fast,
and other members of the "Black Hand" were unable to fire their guns
or hurl their bombs at the Archduke's car.
Franz Ferdinand insisted on continuating his visit to the City Hall of Sarajevo.
After attending the official reception at the City Hall,
Franz Ferdinand asked about the members of his party
who had been wounded by the bomb
and he insisted to be taken to the hospital to see them.
In order to avoid the city centre,
General Oskar Potiorek decided that the royal car should travel
straight along the Appel Quay to the Sarajevo hospital.
The driver, Franz Urban, was not told about this decision
and he took the wrong route.
"This is the wrong way, we're supposed to take the Appel Quay!".
The driver put his foot on the break and began to back up.
In doing so, the car moved slowly past the waiting Gavrilo Princip.
Princip stepped forward, drew his gun,
and at a distance of about five feet, fired several times on and into the car.
Franz Ferdinand was hit in the neck and Sophie von Hohenberg in the abdomen.
After shooting the couple Princip turned his pistol on himself.
Ante Velic, who was standing nearby, saw it, and grabbed Princip's arm.
Another man also grabbed Princip,
and within moments the police arrived and arrested him.
Franz Urban drove the couple to Konak, the governor's residence,
but although both were still alive when they arrived,
they died from their wounds soon afterwards.
After hearing the news of the assassination
and the confesssions of the "Black Hand" about connections
with Major, Voja Tankovic, of the Serbian Secret Service,
Franz Joseph immediately regarded the act as a Serbian conspiracy.
Franz Joseph started a diplomatic offensive of 6 days with secret meetings
with the encouraging German military command,
and forcing demands and threats to the Serbian government.
On july 28, 1914 Austria and Germany declared war to Serbia,
which state has an alliance with Russia.
On august 1, 1914, the Centrals declared war to the Allies, Russia, France and Britain...
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