PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
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                NEW Lorraine

                Photo Impression

                South of Metz

                German Bunkers &

                Fortifications 

                 
                Pierre Grande Guerre
                shows his
                photo impressions
                of his trips along
                the Western Front
                with his selfmade photo's,
                historic pictures,
                and maps.
                Few words,
                many pictures,
                and many links.
                 
                Pierre
                 
                 
                Pierre is the author
                of the Dutch book,
                 
                "De Rode Duivels in de
                Vogezen - 1914-1915 -
                Een geïllustreerde
                reconstructie van de
                krijgsverrichtingen
                van het 152e
                Régiment d'Infanterie" 
                 
                 
                 
                Zie voor de details de
                Prijs: € 15,- pdf-versie
                Geïnteresseerd?
                stuur een e-mail.
                ------------------------------

                Verkrijgbaar

                als boek!

                Pierre’s

                “Bochkareva en haar

                Vrouwenbataljon”

                Zie voor de details de
                Prijs: € 15,-
                excl. verzendkosten
                Geïnteresseerd?
                stuur een e-mail naar

                pierregrandeguerre@hotmail.nl  

                 
                Pierre is a Dutch member
                of the Canadian
                Central Ontario Branch
                of the Western Front
                Association,
                 
                And a member of:
                 
                 
                The Western Front
                Association Nederland
                 
                 
                Are you not familiar with
                the backgrounds & causes
                of the First World War?
                 
                Read my 5 illustrated pages:
                 
                 
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                LINKS TO THE SPECIAL
                LINKS TO ALL
                BATTLEFIELD
                PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
                in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

                AISNE 

                Chemin des Dames part 1 

                Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

                Chemin des Dames part 3     

                ALSACE LORRAINE

                The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

                Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

                Montreux German Front Walk

                The Battle of Morhange - 1914

                French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

                South of Metz - German Bunkers -

                Feste Wagner 

                ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

                Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

                Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

                Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

                Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

                Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

                Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

                The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

                ALSACE VOSGES  

                Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

                Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

                Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

                Lingekopf - le Linge  

                Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

                Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

                Reichackerkopf  

                Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

                Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

                Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

                Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

                Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

                Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

                Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

                ALSACE SUNDGAU  

                Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

                Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

                ARGONNE

                Mort Homme Côte 304

                Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

                Butte de Vauquois

                Haute Chevauchée

                The Bunker of the German Crownprince

                ARTOIS 

                Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

                La Targette - Cabaret Rouge

                Notre Dame de Lorette

                Loos

                Aubers Ridge - Fromelles            

                Arras Wellington Quarry

                Vimy Ridge

                Lichfield Crater

                CHAMPAGNE

                St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

                Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

                La Main des Massiges

                MARNE 

                Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

                First Battle of the Marne   

                Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

                Second Battle of the Marne

                SAINT MIHIEL

                Les Eparges Ridge

                Calonne Trenches Tranchée

                Fort de Troyon

                Apremont Forest Trenches

                Butte de Montsec

                Rémenauville Destroyed Village

                le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

                SOMME British Sector

                SOMME INTRODUCTION

                Auchonvillers Trench

                Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

                Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

                Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

                Ovillers La Boiselle

                Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

                Redan Ridge 

                Newfoundland Memorial Park  

                Serre Hébuterne 

                Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

                Gommecourt 

                Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

                Contalmaison 

                Mametz Wood 

                Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

                Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

                High Wood Longueval

                Delville Wood Longueval

                Pozières  

                Martinpuich

                le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

                Flers Gueudecourt

                Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

                SOMME French Sector 

                Bouchavesnes

                Rancourt Cimetière National

                Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

                Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

                Flaucourt Biaches

                VERDUN

                VERDUN Citadel 

                Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

                Road To Fort Douaumont       

                Fort de Douaumont

                Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

                Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

                Fort de Souville 

                Fort de Vaux 

                Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

                La Voie Sacrée

                Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

                Flabas German Reprisals Camp

                The German Camp Marguerre 

                Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

                Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

                Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

                YPRES

                Menin Road Railway Wood

                Hill 62 Sanctuary Wood

                Hooge

                Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

                Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

                Hill 60 Hollebeke Lankhof Farm

                Messines Ridge

                Pilkem Ridge

                Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

                Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

                Passchendaele Ridge

                Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

                Ploegsteert Wood

                YZER

                Nieuport Ramskapelle

                Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

                Diksmuide Trench of Death 

                Leke Vladslo Houthulst

                OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

                 



                ARMISTICE Clearing Compiègne
                 
                Oise:
                 
                Armistice Clearing
                 
                Compiègne - Clairière de Rethondes
                 
                years of visit: 2005-2008. 
                 
                The Armistice Clearing in the Forest of Compiègne, the location, where the signature of the Armistice took place at 11 November 1918, between 5:12 AM and 5:20 AM, Paris time.
                An important location for the history of the 20th century, where an Armistice was signed twice.
                 
                The path from the Alsace Lorraine Memorial in
                the Forest of Compiègne marks the former location
                of two railway tracks, which lead to the railway clearing.
                 
                 
                Some hundred meters southward, the statue of
                Marshall Foch overlooks the location where,
                the German and Allied Delegations met to negotiate
                the Terms of the Armistice.
                 
                 
                The sculptor, F. Michelet, made the statue of Foch.
                The statue was revealed on 11 november 1927,
                The clearing site was inaugurated
                by President Millerand on 11-11-1922.
                 
                 
                The deterioration of Germany.
                 
                After 8 August 1918, and the later events after the Battle of Amiens, the situation of the German Armies deteriorated more and more. The Allies forced the Germans to withdraw further and further north-eastward.
                Social unrest broke out in Germany. In Germany the defeat of the Great War was generally considered as Kaiser Wilhelm’s personal failure, which resulted in a mutiny within the Kaiserliche Marine, a revolution, and the proclamation of the Republic on 9 November 1918.
                 
                 
                Negotiations about the Armistice.
                 
                Under pressure of imminent revolution in Berlin, Munich, and elsewhere across Germany, Paul von Hindenburg had requested arrangements for a meeting with Ferdinand Foch via a telegram on 7 November.
                On 8 November the German delegation crossed the front line in five cars and was escorted for ten hours across the devastated war zone of northern France. They were then entrained and taken to a secret destination, a railway clearing in the Forest of Compiègne, near the village of Rethondes.
                 
                 
                The German Delegation of Plenipotentiaries existed of Matthias Erzberger, a civilian politician representing the new German Government under the new Chancellor, the socialist Friedrich Ebert, Count Alfred von Oberndorff, from the Foreign Ministry, Major General Detlev von Winterfeldt, General von Gruennel, for the army, and Captain Ernst Vanselow, for the navy.
                 
                 
                The Allied Delegation existed only of military Plenipotentiaries:
                Marshal of France, Ferdinand Foch, the Allied Supreme Commander
                First Sea Lord Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss, the British representative,
                General Weygand, Foch's Chief of Staff, General Desticker, and some French and British officers. 
                 
                Foch appeared only twice in the three days of negotiations: on the first day, to ask the German delegation what they wanted, and on the last day, to see to their signatures. In between, the German delegation discussed the details of the Allied terms with French and Allied officers.
                 
                 
                The Armistice Clearing at 11 November around 5 o'clock in the morning Paris time.
                 
                View over the Armistice Memorial from the location
                and the remembrance stone, where the railway carriage
                of the German Delegation was situated.
                 
                 
                "GERMAN PLENIPOTENTIARIES"
                 
                 
                In between the two railroad tracks a huge tablet
                with a commemorative text:
                 
                "HERE ON 11 NOVEMBER 1918 SUCCUMBED THE CRIMINAL PRIDE OF THE GERMAN IMPERIUM VANQUISHED BY THE FREE PEOPLES WHICH IT INTENTED TO ENSLAVE."
                "ICI LE 11 NOVEMBRE 1918 SUCCOMBA LE CRIMINEL ORGUEIL DE L'EMPIRE ALLEMAND VAINCU PAR LES PEUPLES LIBRES QU'IL PRETENDAIT ASSERVIR."
                 
                At the other side of the site marks a remembrance stone
                the exact location of the railway carriage of Marshall Foch.
                 
                 
                "MARSHALL FOCH".
                 
                In 1927 the French Government founded a museum
                for Foch's railway carriage,
                a salon wagon, built for Napoléon III in 1867.
                 
                 
                At the entrance of the nowadays Museum stands
                an original French Renault tank.
                 
                 
                The Museum preserves a meticulously made copy
                of Marshall Foch's railway carriage.
                 
                 
                 
                The Terms of the Armistice.
                 
                The Terms of the Armistice included major points such as the withdrawal of German troops from Belgium, France, the disputed territories of Alsace and Lorraine, a retreat to the original territorial boundaries in the east, and an army free zone of 30 km deep into German territory along the eastern bank of the Rhine.
                The Allies demanded the immediate surrender of large amounts of materiel, including weapons and warships of the German fleet to be disarmed and put under the control of the Allies in neutral or Allied harbours.
                The Germans were also called upon to renounce the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and Treaty of Bucharest, which were the peace treaties the German Empire had already signed in February 1918 with Russia and Romania.
                 
                 
                In fact there was no question of negotiation. The Germans were able to correct only a few impossible demands and registered their formal protest at the harshness of the Allied terms. But they were in no position to refuse to sign. On sunday 10 November , they were shown newspapers from Paris, to inform them, that Kaiser Wilhelm II had abdicated.
                 
                Telegrams were passed to and from the German Delegation; to Von Hindenburg in Spa and Ebert's government in Berlin. A telegram from Berlin implored Erzberger to sign immediately without any further hesitation. 
                The Delegations signed the Armistice in the morning of 11 November between 5:12 AM and 5:20 AM, Paris time.
                 
                 
                The Armistice was agreed to come into effect at the same day, at 11 November, at 11 o'clock Paris time, for which reason the time, date, and month of the effective Armistice is sometimes referred to as "the eleventh of the eleventh of the eleventh".
                 
                The Allied Delegation,
                leaving the railway carriage after the signature:
                 
                 
                Of course the Armistice was great news of world-wide importance.
                Some period newspaper headlines telling about the Armistice, the German revolution, the exile of Kaiser Wilhelm II, and the Crown Prince fleeing to the Netherlands:
                 
                (For the places of exile of the German Imperial Family in the Netherlands: read also "Huis Doorn" and "l'Abri du Kronprinz"!)
                 
                The Aftermath.
                 
                 
                Eventually the Armistice between the Allies and Germany would subsequently be settled by the conference in Paris and the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.
                The severe conditions and the high financial reparation impositions on the Germans of the Versailles Treaty would form some of the main motivations for the Germans under Adolf Hitler to start later the Second World War in 1939.
                 
                (For more information about the influence of the outcome of the Great War on later events in the history of the 20th century, read my page, "The Historical Importance of World War I".)
                 
                Right after the war Foch's railway carriage was brought over to the Hôtel des Invalides
                in Paris to be temporarily exposed to the public.
                 
                 
                In 1927 the original carriage was taken to this Museum,
                which exposes now a copy of Foch's original railway carriage.
                 
                 
                The story about Foch's lost railway carriage would continue until 1940.
                 
                 
                 
                Armistice 1940: Hitler's Revenge.
                 
                 
                During the Second World War Adolf Hitler received on 17 June 1940 word from the French Government, that it wished to negotiate an Armistice. Hitler immediately selected the same location of the Armistice of 1918 to humiliate the French. Hitler saw using this location as a supreme moment of revenge for Germany over France. 
                 
                 
                Hitler ordered to remove Foch's 1918 Armistice railway carriage from the museum building and to place it on the exact spot, where it was located in 1918.  
                On 21 June 1940 Hitler sat in Foch's restaurant wagon in the very same chair, that Marshal Foch had sat in, when he faced the defeated German representatives. After listening to the reading of the preamble of the armistice conditions by Generaloberst Wilhelm Keitel, Hitler left the carriage with a calculated gesture of disdain to the French delegates.
                 
                 
                On Hitler's orders the Germans demolished the Armistice site three days later. The carriage itself was taken to Berlin as a trophy of war, along with pieces of the large stone tablet with the inscription. The railway carriage itself was taken to Crawinkel in Thuringia in 1945, where it was destroyed by SS troops and the remains buried.
                 
                Back to our starting point, to the Alsace Lorraine Memorial.
                The French Sword has brought down the German Eagle;
                Alsace and Lorraine were back in French possession.
                 
                The Germans also destroyed E. Brandt's Alsace-Lorraine Monument on 24 June 1940, and all evidence of the site was obliterated, with the notable exception of the statue of Marshal Foch. Hitler intentionally ordered the statue of Foch to be left intact, so that it would be honouring only an empty wasteland.
                 
                The Memorial symbolises the great importance of the return of
                the in 1871 lost territories of Alsace and Lorraine to France.
                (Read also my photo page "Col du Bonhomme").
                 
                "TO THE HEROIC SOLDIERS OF FRANCE
                DEFENDERS OF THE FATHERLAND AND THE LAW
                GLORIOUS LIBERATORS OF ALSACE AND OF LORRAINE"
                 
                 
                 Continue to the next Special Impression:





                Reacties

                Ben op 18-01-2009 09:30
                Toppie Pierre, bedankt.
                Ben
                Ingo op 09-02-2009 10:50
                A wonderful site!  Nice Photos!
                 
                Thanks!   Bedankt!
                Pierre op 09-02-2009 12:19
                @ Ben. @ Ingo.
                 
                Gentlemen, thank you for the compliments! Bedankt!
                 
                Pierre
                Stuart Anderson op 15-02-2010 17:07
                Fascinating page and nicely written.  I found it through a link on listverse.com
                Pierre op 16-02-2010 19:54
                @ Stuart A. Thank you, Stuart, for your comments and much success with your www.destination-munich.com !

                Pierre
                Keir op 10-03-2011 17:30
                Terrific site. Thank you so much for sharing this wonderful resource, clearly a true labour of love.
                Pierre op 11-03-2011 12:31
                @ Keir. You're welcome, Keir. Thank you for your reaction!
                 
                Pierre
                DESTICKERE op 30-12-2011 16:25
                Geachte Heer graag zou ik wat meer informatie willen bekomen als u dat zou weten over General DESTICKER want dat is een verwant schap maar mijn grootvader Victor Destickere daar ik bezig ben met een stamboom aan te maken op voor hand vriendelijke dank C Destickere ps mijn email adres is chrstiana.destickere@skynet.be
                Pierre op 30-12-2011 22:15
                @ Christiana DeStickere. Mijn dank voor uw reactie en vraag. Onderstaandheb ik al iets gevonden, dat mogelijk al interessant is. Ik ben nog bezig om verder voor u te spitten. Wat ik nog vind, zal ik later per e-mail verzenden.
                 

                "Pierre H. Desticker
                 

                Awards and Citations
                 
                Army Distinguished Service Medal
                See more recipients of this award
                Awarded for actions during the World War I
                The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Brigadier General Pierre H. Desticker, French Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States, during World War I. As Aide Major General of Marshal Foch's staff, General Desticker collaborated with whole-hearted interest with officers of the American Expeditionary Forces, and brought to their aid his sound judgment and military attainments in the solution of perplexing and intricate problems. At all times he was unswerving in devotion to his important and exacting duties, and proved a loyal friend the services which he rendered us were of inestimable value.
                General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 17 (1924)
                Action Date: World War I
                Service: French Army
                Rank: Brigadier General"
                 
                DESTICKERE op 03-01-2012 16:47
                Geachte Heer Pierre H. DESTICKER als het mogelijk is zou ik graag willen weten in hoe ver wij familie van elkaar zijn heb u enig idé???? en van wie u afstam en van waar ???? vriendelijke groeten DESTICKERE christiana
                Pierre op 04-01-2012 12:26
                @ Christiana Destickere. Bedankt voor uw tweede boodschap hier. Ik ben er al mee bezig geweest en ik ben ermee bezig. De drukte van de afgelopen feestdagen en mijn omvangrijke correspondentie, waaronder een vertaalopdracht “van Duits naar Engels”, hebben helaas tot vertraging geleid. Ik heb inmiddels ook uw verzoek via e-mail ontvangen. Zodra ik meer afbeeldingen van de generaal vind (die nogal zeldzaam zijn) of andere feiten, dan zal ik dat u ook per e-mail melden. Wat betreft een eventuele familieband van u met de generaal; daar durf ik echt geen uitspaken over te doen, omdat ik mij niet bezig houd met genealogie. Nogmaals bedankt voor uw belangstelling en uw verzoek.
                Pierre
                Pierre op 05-01-2012 16:52
                Geachte Mw. Christiana Destickere,
                Helaas zijn afbeeldingen op internet van Generaal Desticker zeldzaam. Toch heb ik voor u enige links verzameld, voornamelijk naar teksten, waarin de Generaal wordt genoemd.
                Ik hoop uiteraard dat deze links van pas komen om uw “puzzle” compleet en opgelost te krijgen.
                 
                Generaal Desticker:
                 
                Gegevens:
                 
                 
                Amerikaanse onderscheiding.
                 
                 
                Genealogie.
                 
                 
                En
                 
                en
                 
                 
                Verslag (Frans) over Destocker’s aanwezigheid op 11 November 1918.
                 
                 
                Andere verwijzingen:
                 
                 
                Krantenknipsel.
                 
                Afbeeldingen:
                 
                 
                Met vriendelijke groet,
                Pierre
                 
                margaret McIngosh clarke op 23-09-2012 09:44
                Thank you for referring me to your site.  I had read a lot about this and you filled in the spaces.  A great site.
                Rob op 11-11-2012 16:01

                Nice site to update my memory!

                Joe Taylor op 15-09-2013 04:32

                I just found your site. Outstanding. Thank you for doing this.

                Pierre Grande Guerre op 17-09-2013 13:54

                @ Joe Taylor. Thank you, Joe, for your kind message!

                Pierre

                Sarah Phillips op 13-11-2013 02:03

                Thank you!  Wonderful photo essay.

                Pierre Grande Guerre op 13-11-2013 11:36

                @ Sarah Phillips. You are welcome, and thanks for your message, Sarah! :)

                Pierre

                Erik Fagerström, Kungsör, Sweden op 02-01-2014 00:11

                Very interesting! Also lerning before my planned visit to Compiegne in September 2014.

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