PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
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              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
               
              Pierre
               
               
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!
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              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              Association,
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
               
              And a member of:
               
               
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
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              Pierre is the author
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              "De Rode Duivels in de
              Vogezen - 1914-1915 -
              Een geïllustreerde
              reconstructie van de
              krijgsverrichtingen
              van het 152e
              Régiment d'Infanterie" 
               
               
               
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              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL

              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS

              NEW!

              Pierre's Illustrated

              WFA-NL Lecture 

              'UNCLE HANSI" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn

              Cambrai

              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              BATTLEFIELD
              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

              AISNE 

              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 

              ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

              Reichackerkopf  

              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

              ARGONNE

              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince

              ARTOIS

              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 

              Loos

              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater

              CHAMPAGNE

              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges

              MARNE 

              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector

              SOMME INTRODUCTION

              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

              Gommecourt 

              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

              Contalmaison 

              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval

              Pozières  

              Martinpuich

              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 

              Bouchavesnes

              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches

              VERDUN

              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

              YPRES

              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 - Hollebeke -

              St. Elooi - Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood

              YZER

              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst

              OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
               
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              zoekmachine!) 
               
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
                 11-10-2008.
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Schroot
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
                  Somme
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              Mortier
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              Thiepval
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              Bayernwald
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
              Update
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 

               

               












              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm
               
              Somme: 

              British Sector
               
              Thiepval Memorial  -
               
              Dorsets Memorial -
               
              Mouquet Farm 
               
              years of visit: 2005 - 2007- 2008 - 2010 - 2011. 

              From every hill in the Somme Region you can see
              the Thiepval Memorial as an impressive landmark.
               
               
              Thiepval Wood. Right; Thiepval village and the Memorial.
               
               
               
               
               
              As you approach the hamlet of Thiepval, ...
               
               
              ... you can detect the Memorial on the former location
              of the "Château Thiepval".
               
               
              Before we visit the Memorial, we approach Thiepval village
              again from the west, from the Mill Road.
               
               
              The small village and the location of the Memorial used to be
              the German Leipzig Salient.
               
              The Württembergische 26. Reserve Division.
               
               
              After fighting at the Grendelbruch in the Alsace in early August 1914, the Württembergische 26. Reserve Division arrived in the front sector around Thiepval on 27 September 1914. The Division was redeployed from Bapaume, and it was immediately involved in heavy battles with the French troops. The 26th R.D. drove the French back at Albert. The trench line consolidated at the end of September 1914 on a line running roughly from Beaumont via Thiepval to Contalmaison.
               
               
              General der Infanterie, Franz Freiherr von Soden, commanded the 26. Reserve Division.
               
               
              The Württembergische 26. Reserve Division consisted of the 51. Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade, composed by the I.R. 180. and R.I.R. 121, and the 52. Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade, composed by R.I.R. 119, R.I.R. 99, the Württembergische Reserve Dragoner Regiment, Res.-Feldart.-Regt. 26, R.F.A.R  27, 4 companies of Pionier-Bataillon Nr. 13, Württ. Reserve-Sanitäts-Komp., and reserve train units and communication units.
               
              From 28 September 1914 until 7 October 1916 the 26 R.D. was based along a front line running roughly from Beaumont via Thiepval to la Boiselle, later to Flers.
               
               
              The Division’s artillery support of F.A.R 116, the Regimental staff of 26 R.F.A.R., and the Staff of General von Soden set up Divisional Headquarters at Miraumont.
               
               
              Facing for a long period the British 4th Army, General von Soden was fully aware of the British build-up of troops.  Von Soden was relying on the fact that most of his men were veterans of trench warfare.
              Leutnant Armin Stäbler.
               
              In this frame about the Württembergische 26th Reserve Division these remarkable period photos are made by Leutnant Armin Stäbler of the Württembergische 26 Reserve Feldartillerie Regiment (26 R.F.A.R., or more short, 26 R.A.R.). As a staff officer Lt. Stäbler was not often involved in combat action. Following his regiment, wherever it was going, Alsace, Somme, Cambrai, St. Quentin, and Ypres, in his spare time Leutnant Stäbler created a unique photo collection, a documentation of the daily life of soldiers and officers of the 26th R.D. along and behind the frontlines.
               
              Soden's Division and some Bavarian Regiments, like B.R.I.R. 6 and B.R.I.R. 8, held the Thiepval Plateau, which formed a key strongpoint in the German defenses.
               
               
              This high ground dominated the entire, northern sector of the Somme front. It included the ruins of the village of Thiepval and a stronghold west of it, called by the British the Schwaben Redoubt, and by the Germans the Hansa Stellung.
               
               
              Von Soden’s troops had turned the place into a fortress.
               
               
              I consider the area around Thiepval also
              as the centrepoint of the Battle of the Somme.
               
               
              In Thiepval we found some memorials on the walls of the church.
              This plaque commemorates Sir Adrian Carton de Wiart, 
              who won his Victora Cross at La Boiselle,
              commanding the 8th Gloucesters on 2 and 3 July 1916.
               
               
              On 2 July/3 July 1916, at La Boiselle, France, Lieutenant-Colonel Carton de Wiart's dauntless courage, and inspiration averted what could have been a serious reverse.
              He displayed the utmost energy in forcing the attack home and, after three other battalion commanders had become casualties, he controlled their commands and made sure that the ground was held at all costs. In organizing the positions to be held, he exposed himself fearlessly to enemy fire.
               
              Thiepval Memorial.
               
               
               
              Centrepoint of the Battlefield,
              the Thiepval Memorial commemorates over 73.000 men, ...
               
               
              ...who have no known grave, and who fell on the Somme
              between July 1915 and February 1918.
               
               
              Behind the Memorial is an Anglo French Cemetery,
              overlooking Thiepval Wood on the horizon.
              As a symbol of their bonds as Allies,
              the French and the English buried 300 soldiers
              of each nation here.
               
               
               
              After the bombardment and the detonation of 17 mines, at 7.30 AM, the British infantry troops had to go over the top to attack the 16 German Divisions under General Prinz Eitel Friedrich von Preussen.

              In the north near Gommecourt General Allenby’s 3rd Army attacked the German Kern Redoubt with a bloody diversionary attack.

              General Gough’s 3 Cavalry Divisions were kept in reserve to exploit successes.

              General Rawlinson’s 4th Army attacked over a 30 km. front with 15 divisions near Hébuterne, south of Gommecourt, near Serre, Beaumont Hamel, Thiepval, Ovillers, La Boiselle, Fricourt, Mametz, and Montauban in the south east.
              In the morning 60.000 British men went over the top, in the afternoon again another 40.000 men.
               
               
              After 14 hours of fighting, the British were only successful in their southern front sector, by conquering Sausage Valley, south of La Boiselle, and the villages of Mametz and Montauban.

              The French 20th Army Corps with its 39th Division, interconnected with the British, north of the river Somme, was successful in reaching Curlu.
              South of the Somme General Fayolle’s 6th Army, reinforced with the 35th Division and the 1st Colonial Army Corps, reached all it’s goals for the first day by conquering the villages of Dompierre and Fay.
               
              On this spot, near the Obelisque for the 18th Division,
              used to be the tip of the Leipzig Salient.
               
               
              The 18th Division succeeded to conquer Thiepval and surroundings,
              3 months later, on 30 September 1916.
               
               
               
              The Leipzig Salient.
               
              To give you an idea of the Leipzig Salient, which these observers saw in 1916, two army pictures of the maze of trenches, barbed wire, dugouts, bunkers, and machine gun posts.
               
               
              These pictures (resp. left and right) had been made from la Boiselle northward to Thiepval.
               
               
               
              The Dorsets Memorial.
               
              In 2011 we went southward, in birdsflight some 1.500 m away from the Leipzig Salient and the Thiepval Memorial, to visit the new memorial near Authuille and Thiepval, inaugurated at 7 May 2011, dedicated to the Dorsetshire Regiment.
               
              In front of the footpath to Lonsdale Cemetery,
              opposite the Thiepval Memorial, ...
               
               
              ... the Dorsets Memorial is standing on
              the jump-off lines of the Dorsets.
               
               
              On 1 July 1916, the first day of the Battle of the Somme, the 32nd Division,
              which included the 1st Dorsets and the 11th Lonsdale Battalion of the
              Border Regt. attacked the German line at this point and
              stormed the Leipzig Salient, but were compelled to retire later in the day.
               
               
              The four sides of the obelisque showing all Great War Battles,
              in which the Dorsets participated.
               
               
              View northward into the direction of the Leipzig Salient. 
               
               
               
              We return to the eastern outskirts of
              the village of Thiepval to Mouquet Farm.
               
              View from the Thiepval Memorial to the east in
              the direction of Mouquet Farm.
               
               
              Mouquet Farm.
               
              The wartime Mouquet Farm was located at the northern side of the track to the farm.
               
               
              Mouquet Farm was a central bastion in the second line
              of the German defense system,
              during the Battle of the Somme from July to October 1916.
               
               
              It’s deep cellars and tunnels were connected to
              a complex network of German trenches in the fields.
               
               
              The shattered farmhouse was located to the left of
              the farm road on the crest.
               
               
              On 5 August 1916 the Australians were first to attack this stronghold, having just incurred a devastating loss of 17.000 men in the capture of Pozières, only 1 km. away.
              After a month and 6.500 casualties, the Australians were relieved by the Canadians.
              On 27 September, Mouquet Farm fell to the British.
               
              Under the trees right is still a huge mine crater,
              the field left is covered with shell holes.
                
               
              This farmer does not even allow to let his sheep
              enter this shell hole covered field!
               
               
              View from Mouquet Farm Road to the Thiepval Memorial, 
              and right to the tower of the church.
               
               
               
              We go back to what happened at the first day of the battle, ...
               
               
              ... the 1st. of July, at the nearby Thiepval Wood.
               
               
               Continue to the next chapter:








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