PIERRE's PHOTO IMPRESSIONS of the WESTERN FRONT
1914-1918
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              Pierre Grande Guerre
              shows his
              photo impressions
              of his trips along
              the Western Front
              with his selfmade photo's,
              historic pictures,
              and maps.
              Few words,
              many pictures,
              and many links.
               
              Pierre
               
               
              Warning: Sometimes on the battlefield
              you will still find relics of explosives.
              All these shells, hand grenades, and
              mortar rounds can even nowadays still
              be very dangerous.
              Some of the artillery bombs may contain
              poison gas, which can cause severe
              blistering or worse injuries.
              In France it is by law forbidden to
              remove relics from the battlefield.
              So, it is for your own safety:
              take a picture of the steel harvest,
              but leave these relics untouched!
              ----------------------------------------------

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              Pierre is a Dutch member
              of the Canadian
              Central Ontario Branch
              of the Western Front
              Association,
              In 2015 awarded with
              a lifetime membership!
               
              And a member of:
               
               
              The Western Front
              Association Nederland
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              reconstructie van de
              krijgsverrichtingen
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              Régiment d'Infanterie" 
               
               
               
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              LINKS TO THE SPECIAL

              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS

              NEW! Pierre's Illustrated

              Lecture "Verdun 1916" - (Dutch)

              Pierre's illustrated

              WFA-NL lectures:

              The Tactical Significance 

               of General Gaede - (Bilingual)

              The Difficult Start

              of the L.I.R. 123 - (Eng)

              De Moeizame Start van

              het L.I.R. 123 - (Dutch)

              De Rode Duivels

              op de Hartmannswillerkopf (Dutch)

              De Blauwe Duivels

              in de Vogezen (Dutch)

              Botchkareva en haar

              Vrouwenbataljon (Dutch)

              Mata Hari -

              Het Spionagedossier (Dutch)

              More Special

              Photo Impressions

              of the Western Front (English) 

              Armistice Clearing Compiègne

              Kaiser's Exile Huis Doorn

              Cambrai

              Fort de Mutzig - Feste Kaiser Wilhelm II

              Colmar and Hansi, the Illustrator 

              The Red Baron's Crash Site

              Canadian National Vimy Memorial

              SOMME 1918 The Australians

              Fricourt Archeological Excavations

              Traces of Bairnsfather  - Xmas Truce

              Yorkshire Trench and Dugout

              Bayernwald Trenches Inside 

              LINKS TO ALL
              BATTLEFIELD
              PHOTO IMPRESSIONS
              in the CORRECT SEQUENCE

              AISNE 

              Chemin des Dames part 1 

              Chemin des Dames part 2 - Dragon's Cave

              Chemin des Dames part 3     

              ALSACE LORRAINE

              The Gap of Charmes - La Trouée de C.

              Avricourt - Leintrey - Reillon - Montreux - Parux 

              Montreux German Front Walk

              The Battle of Morhange - 1914

              French Bunkers - Mnt. Grand Couronné 

              South of Metz - German Bunkers -

              Feste Wagner 

              ALSACE VOSGES NORTH

              Tête du Violu - Bernhardstein

              Chaume de Lusse - Haute de Faîte

              Bertrimoutier - Frapelle  

              Ban de Sapt - La Fontenelle

              Senones - la Roche Mère Henry

              Col de la Chipotte - de la Chapelotte

              The Donon - Bunkers - Dug-outs

              ALSACE VOSGES  

              Col du Bonhomme Col de Mandray

              Tête de Faux - Buchenkopf 

              Col du Wettstein - Schratzmännele

              Lingekopf - le Linge  

              Kleinkopf - Barrenkopf 

              Hohrodberg-Giragoutte-Trois Epis  

              Reichackerkopf  

              Munster Valley Petit Ballon  

              Le Tanet - Bichtstein - Villa Sidi-Brahim

              Route des Crêtes - Hohneck -

              Gr. Ballon - Sudelkopf 

              Hartmannswillerkopf - Vieil Armand  

              Guebwiller - Rimbach - Hirzstein  

              Moosch Nécropole Nationale  

              ALSACE SUNDGAU  

              Zillisheim Illfurth Largitzen Pfetterhouse 

              Burnhaupt-le-Bas Bunker Path     

              ARGONNE

              Mort Homme Côte 304

              Montfaucon- Romagne s/s Montfaucon

              Butte de Vauquois

              Haute Chevauchée

              The Bunker of the German Crownprince

              ARTOIS

              Illies - Wicres    

              Neuve Chapelle - Richebourg

              Aubers - 1915 

              Fromelles - 1916  

              Neuville-St. Vaast - Souchez

              Notre Dame de Lorette 

              Loos

              Arras Wellington Quarry

              Vimy Ridge

              Lichfield Crater

              CHAMPAGNE

              St. Hilaire le Grand Russian Cmty  Mont Navarin

              Sommepy Mont de Blanc Mont

              La Main des Massiges

              MARNE 

              Verberie Néry Villers Cotterêts  

              First Battle of the Marne   

              Belleau Wood - Château Thierry  

              Second Battle of the Marne

              SAINT MIHIEL

              Les Eparges Ridge

              Calonne Trenches Tranchée

              Fort de Troyon

              Apremont Forest Trenches

              Butte de Montsec

              Rémenauville Destroyed Village

              le Bois le Prêtre / das Priesterwald 

              SOMME British Sector

              SOMME INTRODUCTION

              Auchonvillers Trench

              Mine Craters Lochnagar Hawthorn

              Thiepval Memorial Mouquet Farm  

              Thiepval Wood - Ulster Tower

              Ovillers La Boiselle

              Hawthorn Ridge Beaumont Hamel

              Redan Ridge 

              Newfoundland Memorial Park  

              Serre Hébuterne 

              Sheffield Memorial Park Serre

              Gommecourt 

              Fricourt Deutsche Kriegsgräberstatte 

              Contalmaison 

              Mametz Wood 

              Trones Wood Montauban Guillemont

              Caterpillar Valley Longueval 

              High Wood Longueval

              Delville Wood Longueval

              Pozières  

              Martinpuich

              le Sars Butte de Warlencourt

              Flers Gueudecourt

              Adanac Canadian Cmty. Mireaumont

              SOMME French Sector 

              Bouchavesnes

              Rancourt Cimetière National

              Rancourt Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof

              Dompierre - Becquincourt Fay Soyécourt

              Flaucourt Biaches

              VERDUN

              VERDUN Citadel 

              Thiaumont - PC 118 & 119 - A 320

              Road To Fort Douaumont       

              Fort de Douaumont

              Douaumont Nécropole Nationale  

              Côte Froideterre - Les 4 Chéminées 

              Fort de Souville 

              Fort de Vaux 

              Tunnel de Tavannes Fort

              La Voie Sacrée

              Bois des Caures - Col. Driant's C.P. 

              Flabas German Reprisals Camp

              The German Camp Marguerre 

              Duzey German 380mm Artillery Base

              Destroyed Villages Bezonvaux - Ornes

              Azannes - Damvillers - La Grande Montagne 

              YPRES

              Menin Road Railway Wood

              Maple Copse - Hill 62 - Hooge

              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

              Polygon Wood Zonnebeke

              Hill 60 - Hollebeke -

              St. Elooi - Lankhof Farm

              Messines Ridge

              Pilkem Ridge

              Boezinge Essex Farm Ziegler Bunker

              Langemark Poelkapelle St. Juliaan

              Passchendaele Ridge

              Mount Kemmel Lettenberg Bunkers

              Ploegsteert Wood

              YZER

              Nieuport Ramskapelle

              Pervijze  Stuijvekenskerke

              Diksmuide Trench of Death 

              Leke Vladslo Houthulst

              OTHER GREAT WAR LINKS

              Pierre's Nederlandstalige
              artikelen en columns
              over de Grote Oorlog
               
              (Copy & Paste de titel in de
              zoekmachine!) 
               
              Bochkareva en haar Vrouwenbataljon
              Bretonse Bécassine tijdens de Oorlog
              De Vanceboro Bridge Bomaanslag
              Beneath Hill 60
              Tijdreizen Op Internet
              Leutnant Von Forstner Koopt Chocolade
              Duitslands Oudste Oorlogsvrijwilliger
              Marcel's Bajonet
              Souvenir de Bezonvaux
              Namibië-Etnische Zuivering-1904-1908
              Het Beleg van Fort de Vaux
              Explosiecatastrofe In Fort Douaumont 
              Franse Aas der Azen: René Fonck
              Chasseurs Alpins, Franse Alpenjagers
              Prowse Point Cemetery
              Hoe Sgt. Kunze Fort Douaumont
                 veroverde op 25-02-1916.
              Frank Hurley: Fotoshoppen In 1917
              De Kaiserschlacht,
                 een beknopte samenvatting.
              Herdenking Op Douaumont 2008
              Wapenstilstand 1918 -90 Jaar Geleden
              Vijfde Lustrum WFA Nederland,
                 11-10-2008.
              Geur van Drukinkt
              De Vallei van Munster
              Der Rote Baron Versus Flyboys 
              De Fantomen van Landowski
              Louise de Bettignies -
                 Queen of English Spies
              Monument Op Vimy Ridge
              De Erewacht van
                 Notre Dame de Lorette
              Tank Tegen Tank 90 Jaar Terug
              Von Richthofen's Laatste Noodlanding
              Generaal Von Lettow Vorbeck
              Grafschennis Notre Dame de Lorette
              Google Earth 
              De Kaiserschlacht 90 Jaar Geleden 
              De Wolfsberg - le Hamel
              Overleden Veteranen
              Franse Sector Aan De Somme
              Kerstbestand 1914
              Raadselachtig Graf
              Caporetto; Kiem Van Fascisme
              Lenin's Treinreis
              Tsjechen Aan Het Westelijk Front
              Mata Hari
              325 Miljoen Voor 12 Zeppelins
              Slagvelden Van de Somme
              Schroot
              Op de Lingekopf
              Weinig Duitse Monumenten
                  Somme
              Soldaten Standbeelden
              Mosterdgas 1917
              Schwaben Redoubt
              Oogst Van Roest
              Mortier
              De Tekenaar Hansi
              Gifgas Bij Vancouver Corner
              Nationaliteit Kwijt?
              Beloond Geduld
              Prins Harry Naar Irak
              Thiepval
              De Arm Van De Kaiser
              Artilleriebunkers Nabij Duzey
              Kamp Flabas
              Eerherstel voor "Deserteurs"
              Vredig plekje?
              Moslimmonument in Verdun 
              Bayernwald
              De Slag aan de Somme
              De Tunnel van Tavannes
              Kapitein Joost van Vollenhoven
              Huis Doorn
              Update
                 “Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje II
              Raadselachtig Ansichtkaartje I 

               

               












              Clapham Junction Zandvoorde Bunker

               Ypres Salient:

              Shrewsbury Forest Bunkers

              Geluveld
               
              German Command Post Bunker 
              Zandvoorde
               
              Years of visit: 2005 - 2006 - 2016
              REVISED and re-edited in July 2016

              This trip starts south-west of Ypres at the N8, the Menin Road, at Clapham Junction. From Clapham Junction we go southward via the Pappotstraat. We turn left at the Vijfwegenstraat to visit the relics of German bunkers in the Shrewsbury Forest; in Flemish, the Gasthuisbossen or the Groeneburgbos. From there we continue our trip to Zandvoorde. South of the village we will visit first the Memorial for the 1st and 2nd Life Guards and Royal Horse Guards. Next we will visit the German Command Post Bunker of Zandvoorde. 

              Coming from the direction of Ypres we turn right at the Memorial for the 18th Division at Clapham Junction. Later, in the next photo impression, we will inspect more closely both memorials of Clapham Junction.

              For now we continue southward on the Pappotstraat.

               

              A panorama photo from "Mount Sorrel" in the direction of Hill 62
              and the Shrewsbury Forest, right on the horizon.

              In May 2006 we tried twice to locate some relics of German bunkers in the dense wood of Shrewsbury Forest, nowadays the "Gasthuisbossen" or "Hospital Woods".
               
               
              Three Trench Map Details of Shrewsbury Forest
               
               
              This area has been in the eye of the storm during all 4 war years.
              As this British trench map of 31 August 1916 shows, ...
               
               
              ... the Germans had created in this sector of the Ypres Salient, a huge network with barbed wire networks, a maze of trenches, tunnels and dug-outs.
               
               
              An information panel at the northern entrance of the "Hospital Woods" shows a period aerial photograph of the wood of 1916: zigzagging trenches and many shell holes.
               
               
              At first we were able to locate only some lumps of unnatural concrete, ....
               
               
               
               
              ... and then, along the western edge, the foundations of a concrete shelter bunker.
               
               
              After the war most of these bunkers were blown during clearing operations.
               
               
              So, we can only detect the concrete foundation.
              I try to point out to you the length of this former bunker.
               
               
              Because of the density of the vegetation and the rough swampy soil, we asked for our second visit the help of a local man with knowledge concerning the war period and the area. Our local guide, who prefers to stay anonymous, showed us some more bunkers.
               
               
              More southward, on the western edge of the forest, an overgrown bunker with its base in a pool of mud.
               
               
              Christine made this picture of me in front of another sunken German bunker.
              In my hand I try to show you some of the deformed shell fragments, I found scattered on the soil around the bunker.
               
               
              The same bunker without me. The spot was also too swampy, too overgrown,  and, according to my guide, too dangerous to get another picture.
               
               
              On the eastern edge of the wood our guide showed us this bunker, still rather undamaged.
               
               
              We leave the Shrewsbury Forest for our next exploration at Zandvoorde.
               
               
              From Shrewsbury Forest we continue south-eastward
              via the Kleine Ieperstraat to Zandvoorde.
               
               
              Just south of the village in the Komenstraat we stop on the right, west side of the road at a green sign, "The Household Cavalry Monument". On foot we follow a track westward, at first between the house and gardens,
              to visit the Memorial for the fallen of the Cavalry Regiments, ...
               

              ... the 1st and 2nd Life Guards and the Royal Horse Guards. 

               The Battle of Gheluvelt

              During the last three weeks of mobile warfare of the First Battle of Ypres, there were fought many sub-battles, which would create finally the salient.

              The area of Zandvoorde was involved in such a sub-battle, the Battle of Gheluvelt, of 28-31 October 1914 (modern Flemish: Geluveld).

              The Household Cavalry - 30-31 October 1914

              During the Battle of Gheluvelt the Royal Horse Guards Regiment was operating on 30 October in the zone around the village of Zandvoorde, when troops of the German 39th Division of the Army Group Fabeck attacked.

              On 31 October the composite Regiment, the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, resisted another attack. Although initially the attacks were repulsed, the British were pushed out of Zandvoorde.

              Nowadays the blue tunics of the Royal Horse Guards and the red tunics of the Life Guards are best known for their ceremonial duties in London.  

               
              We return to our car and we continue some 400 m. southward ...
               
              "The destroyed Zandvoorde near Ypres"
               
               ... to the corner of the Komenstraat and the Gaverstraat.
                

              Sgt. Spikey, our new 7 years old trench dog, leads the way to ...

              ... this 1916 German Command Post Bunker.

              In 2005 we visited this bunker also. We were walking in a bumpy meadow amidst cows. In 2014 the Belgian authorities renovated the site; but to my eyes the site is now too clean.

              The west and blind side of the bunker in 2005.

              The south side of the bunker in June 2016.

              Zandvoorde - 22 December 1917

              These two details of a British trench map, drawn after the Third Battle of Ypres, show approximately the same area.

              The second detail of the trench map below shows the area south of the village of Zandvoorde.

              To help you to compare the second trench map detail with the situation today I repeat the satellite photo of 2016. Notice on the right the diagonal, north-south road of the Komenstraat.

              Back to the bunker itself, and let us inspect it again in more detail.  

              The left or the southern entrance of the bunker.

              On the left side there is still an inscription on the concrete wall, mentioning the name of the construction company:

               “Built by 3 Company “Armierungs” Batallion 27 - 1916".

              I enter the bunker via Guard Block 1, and to my right I see a concrete breastwork corridor, with entrance to 4 other rooms.

              Before I continue with showing the interior of the bunker I show my 2005 photos of the most informative panels, which the authorities decided to remove, alas.

              "German Command Post Bunker Zandvoorde

              Location: southern flank of ridge (40 m.)

              Function: Reserve Regimental Command Post

              Structure: armoured concrete, closed wall front side, east side entrance, exit south side, peepholes in the direction of the valley.

              Rooms: guard block with hall and room. Staff accommodation, 2 offices, 2 rooms

              Size: length 19 m.

              Roof: 1 m. to 1.7 m. thick concrete

              Built: 1916 by “Armierungsbataillon” (fortification engineers)

              Protected monument 19 April 1999.” 

               The interior; Guard Block 1, the only room with two windows.

              Inside: the four identical staff rooms were connected to each other, in those times separated with doors.  

              The interior of a German Command Post Bunker

              The outside corridor. View from north to south.

              View from the northern exit. The pig-tail barbed wire poles, just around and on the bunker, are original ones.  

              The northern exit.

              A last view at the Zandvoorde command post. 

              We return to Clapham Junction for an inspection of the two memorials there, to continue next to explore the northern side of the Menin Road and Polygon Wood.

               Continue to the next chapter:

               

              Reacties

              Anita Gabrielle op 26-04-2008 10:14
              Dear Pierre - you kindly emailed me a couple of weeks back regarding my search for my Great Great Uncle, Guillaume Batselier. I have found out a huge amount. It has been quite wonderful all the kindness and help I have been given. Crucially I have discovered that
               
              In 1921 it was discovered that he died near the road between Lombardsjide and Dixmude in Pervijze. The date given was October 24th 1914 and since then I have found out all about the inundation and it seems likely that his body was lost then. Guillaume was never found and my great grandparents tried for many years to find his body and even managed to contact his comrades in 1922, but no luck. I want to come to Belgium this NOvemver 11th and lay a wreath for Guillaume at an unknown soldiers grave. Can you kindly tell me which cemetary is nearest to where he fell and, if possible, do you know the time of any service that I can go to on November 11th this year?
              Many, many thanks
              Anita
              Pierre op 26-04-2008 11:38
              @ Anita. There are three possibilities, Anita. Ramskapelle Road Military Cemetery and the Nieuwpoort Communal Cemetery, which contain mostly burials from October 1917.
              Better perhaps, Anita, I would suggest the Memorial for the 566 British soldiers without a grave, who died in the Battle of the Yzer, late October 1914, located at the Ganzenpoot Sluices Complex at Nieuport.
              (For this memorial visit the pages about Nieuport-Ramskapelle and further for Pervijze and click HERE).
              I don't know, if there will be any special service on these locations on 11-11-2008 at 11 o'clock.
              I would further like to advise you, Anita, to visit the English database of the Belgian website, The Great War in Flanders Fields; http://www.wo1.be/eng/mainnav.html .
              If you have more questions, Anita, You can also write me an email at pierre_grandeguerre@hotmail.com.
              Thank you for your nice reaction and your questions, Anita. I wish you an interesting and a peaceful trip in November 20008 in Belgium.
               
              Pierre
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